Northeast India Tour Packages - Holiday Travel

Top 36 Tours of NorthEast India , North East Tour Packages, West Bengal Tours, Sikkim Tours, Kaziranga National Park Tours, Shillong Tours




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Top 36  Tours of NorthEast India , North East Tour Packages, West Bengal

Tours, Sikkim Tours, Kaziranga National Park Tours, Shillong Tours


About North East India Tour packages

North East India is gifted with magnetic natural beauty, virgin forest, pristine lakes, cascading waterfalls, rich flora and fauna, picturesque sightseeing spots, rich culture and heritage, ancient temples and more of all well organized tourism facilities. Most of the North East India tourist places are renowned for their alluring charm and beauty that fascinates every individual tourist who come here for holidays and tours from all over the world.


North East India Tour Packages: Cheapest Deals


Package Name



Tour Cost / *Per Person Price


North East Splendours

2N Gangtok

2N/ 3D

Rs. 7600 + GST extra rate valid till 30th June 
Rs . 6700 + GST extra rate valid from 1st July till 15th sep.



North East Heaven on  Hills

1N Darjeeling | 2N  Gangtok


 Rs. 11300 + GST extra rate valid till 30th June 
Rs . 9050 + GST extra rate valid from 1st July till 15th sep. 




North East Tranquility

2N Gangtok | 2N Darjeeling


Rs. 13000 + GST extra rate valid till 30th June

Rs. 11350 +GST extra rate valid from 1st July till15th sep



North East Sikkim Engrosses

3N Gangtok | 1N Lachen | 1N Lachung


Rs. 21,500 + GST extra rate valid till 30th June

Rs. 20,000+ GST extra rate valid from 1st July till15th sep.




North East Beauty Tour

3N Gangtok | 1N Pelling | 1N Lachung | 2N Darjeeling


Rs. 23500 + GST extra rate valid till 30th June

Rs.21,600 +GST extra rate valid from 1st July till15th sep.





Wonders of North Eastern Himalayas

2N Darjeeling | 2N Pelling | 2N Kalumpang | 2N Gangtok


Rs. 24300 + GST extra rate valid till 30th June

Rs. 20900 + GST extra rate valid from 1st July till15th sep








Note : at lachecn & lachung accommodation on full board and  non ac sumo car will allowed and rest of the place on breakfast and dinner




·          Personal assistance by  representative on arrival.

·          Accommodation on 1 double sharing room basis at above mentioned Hotel or Similar as per the tour program.

·          Daily Breakfast & Dinner at Hotel.

·          Trip in non ac Sumo car { Individual}

·          All interstate taxes, permits, toll taxes and fuel charges etc.

·          Driver’s allowances and all other expenses related to the car.

·         Special Highlights at various places


NorthEast India Tours - Cheapest Deals

  • Beauty of North East India Tour Package -  Rs. 11220/- Per Pax
  •  Guwahati Shillong & cheerapunji Hoilday tour Package -  Rs.9750/-Per Pax
  •  Guwahati Kaziranga National Park Tour Package -  Rs. 10890/-Per Pax
  •  North East India,Shilong Holiday tour package - Rs.9750/- Per Pax 
  • Guwahati Kaziranga Shillong Cherrapunji Tour Package -  From INR 18,000/-Per Pax
  •  Tribal tour & Wild Life Tour in NorthEast India - from Rs. 18499/- per pax
  •  Magical Tribal tour of Assam - From Rs.37499/-Per pax
  •  Tribal tour of Arunachal Pradesh - From Rs.24355/- Per pax 
  • Wild Adventures of Assam tour package - From Rs. 32499/- Per pax
  • Tribal Tour Package of Assam - From Rs.38200/- Per pax
  • Tea tour Assam - From Rs.19500/- per pax


NorthEast India Tourist Guide and North East Tour Packages

Northeast India is the least explored and most beautiful region of India, It is connected by a narrow stretch of land between Bhutan and Bangladesh, North East India boasts of extraordinary diversity of peoples and spectacular landscapes, world’s wettest monsoon belts, also boasts an astounding array of flora and fauna, estimated at fifty percent of India’s entire biodiversity.North East has 7 states dubbed "The seven sisters"

Assam is the flat, low-lying Brahmaputra valley. Its capital, Guwahati, boasts two of India’s most important ancient temples and is the gateway to the region, while an encounter with a one-horned rhino in the magnificent Kaziranga National Park is a highlight of any trip to the Northeast.The other six states occupy the surrounding hills, and are quite distinct from the rest of India in landscape, climate and peoples.

Meghalaya boasts of beautiful lakes and wettest places on earth, Cherrapunjee and Mawsynram. Its capital, Shillong, retains some of the colonial atmosphere from its days as East India’s summer capital.

Majestic Arunachal Pradesh, one of India’s most remote states has peoples of Tibetan origin, famous for Buddhist monastery of Tawang, encircled by awesome mountains, while in the far northeast is the remote wilderness of Namdapha National Park. To the south, the lush mountains of Nagaland are home to fourteen distinctive tribal groups. Mizoram, in the Lushai hills, is predominantly Christian and has one of the highest literacy rates in India.


Assam Tourist Guide and Assam packages

ASSAM is dominated by the mighty River Brahmaputra, whose huge, lush valley is sandwiched between the Himalayan foothills to the north and the Meghalayan hills and plateau to the south. An attractive state, Assam is one of India’s few oil regions, and produces around sixty percent of the nation’s tea. However, the industry is not as profitable as it once was, and for the marginalized adivasis – tribal people from various indigenous groups, brought in from central India by the British to work as indentured labourers on the plantations – depressingly little has changed since colonial times.

Assam’s busy capital, Guwahati has one of India’s most important Kali temples, Kamakhya, and is a hub for the whole region. Within easy access of the city, the spectacular Kaziranga National Park is renowned for its one-horned rhinos. Further along the Brahmaputra lies the fascinating island of Majuli, home to unique Hindu monasteries. During your visit, keep an eye out for the bhut jolokia, the world’s hottest chilli, which is native to the state.


Guwahati  and Kamkhya Temple Tour packages

The state capital GUWAHATI (or Gauhati) lies on the banks of the Brahmaputra, whose swollen sandy channel is so wide that the far shore is often invisible. Guwahati is the main gateway to the NorthEast region you will probably need to stay here for at least a night or two. Guwahati’s main attractions are the Kamakhya, Navagraha and Umananda temples, while northwest of the city are the silk village of Sualkachi, the pilgrimage site of Hajo and Manas National Park.

The bustling markets of Paltan Bazaar, Pan Bazaar and Fancy Bazaar, Guwahati’s main shopping areas, are bunched in the centre on either side of the railway, with the older residential areas north of the tracks. Assamese silk, wooden rhinos and other crafts are sold at several shops on GNB Road, including the State Emporium. Assam’s main business is tea, and tourists can visit the Assam Tea Auction Centre, in the Dispur suburb, with permission from the Senior Manager. The State Museum, on GNB Road, has tribal costumes and religious sculptures and the Srimanta Sankaradeva Kalakshetra on Shillong Road, Panjabari district, is an arts complex with a museum, art gallery, theatre and Vaishnavite temple.

The Shiva temple of Umananda stands on Peacock Island in the middle of the Brahmaputra. Its location atop a steep flight of steps is more dramatic than the temple itself, but you may get to see some rare golden langur monkeys. Ferries leave regularly from Kachari and Umananda Ghat.

Kamakhya Temple Guwahati Tour packages

On the commanding Nilachal Hill, overlooking the river 8km west of the centre, the important Kali temple of Kamakhya, with its beehive-shaped shikhara, is a good example of the distinctive Assamese style of architecture. As one of the shakti pithas, it marks the place where Sati’s yoni (vulva) landed when her body fell to earth in 51 pieces, and is one of the three most important Tantric temples in India. A short walk up the hill brings you to a smaller temple with wonderful views of Guwahati and the Brahmaputra.

East of the centre, on another hill, is the atmospheric Navagraha temple – the “temple of the nine planets”, an ancient seat of astrology and astronomy – with wonderful acoustics. Housed in a single red dome, the central lingam is encircled by a further eight representing the planets.


Kaziranga National Park Tour Packages

A World Heritage Site covering 430 square kilometres on the southern bank of the Brahmaputra, KAZIRANGA NATIONAL PARK, 217km east of Guwahati, occupies a vast valley floor against a backdrop of the Karbi Anglong hills. Its rivulets, shallow lakes and semi-evergreen forested highlands blend into marshes and flood plains covered with tall elephant grass. A visit here is exhilarating and you are likely to see elephants, deer and wild buffalos. The big draws, however, are the park’s famous one-horned rhinos (officially there are around two thousand), which are best observed from the back of an elephant, first thing on a winter’s morning, and its tigers, which are relatively elusive, despite a government report in 2010 that claimed Kaziranga has the highest density of tigers of any park in the world, with 32 big cats per 100 square kilometres. Jeeps take you deeper into the forest than elephants, but cannot get nearly as close to the rhinos and tigers. Driving through the park’s landscape of open savanna grassland interspersed with dense jungle, is a wonderful experience. The abundant birdlife includes egrets, herons, storks, fish eagles, kingfishers and a grey pelican colony.


When to Visit Kaziranga

Kaziranga is open from November to early April. Avoid visiting on Sundays, when it gets busy with noisy groups of Indian tourists. During the monsoons (June–Sept), the Brahmaputra bursts its banks, flooding the low-lying grasslands and causing animals to move to higher ground within the park. It is important to take care when on safari.


Majuli Attractions

The most popular outing from Jorhat is to the World Heritage Site of MAJULI. It is often described as the largest inhabited river island in the world, but erosion in recent years has thrown that claim into doubt. Regardless of its precise status, Majuli is a fascinating place, largely because of its unique Vaishnavite sattras (Hindu monasteries), though it is also a haven for birdwatchers.

There are 22 sattras – institutions that contain elements of a temple, monastery, school and centre for the arts – on Majuli: each consists of a prayer hall (namghar) surrounded by living quarters for devotees, and ghats for bathing. In a day, you could visit Natun Kamalabari, and 1.5km away, Uttar Kamalabari. The monks will give you tea, and you can sometimes attend prayer meetings. Four kilometres further west at Auniati, another sattra keeps royal artefacts from the Ahom kingdom and has an interesting collection of Assamese handicrafts and jewellery. Bengenati, 4km east of Auniati, was built in the early seventeenth century, while Shamaguri, 6km beyond Bengenati, is renowned for its clay and bamboo masks. Bongaori, 8km beyond Shamaguri, and Dakhinpat, 5km further south, are also worth a visit.


Meghalaya Tourist Guide and Packages

MEGHALAYA, one of India’s smallest states, occupies the plateau and rolling hills between Assam and Bangladesh. Its people are predominantly Christian, belonging to three main ethnic groups, the Khasis, Jaintias and Garos. The state has a high literacy rate and teaching is in English. Much of Meghalaya (“the land of the rain-clouds”) is covered with lush forests, rich in orchids. These “blue hills” bear the brunt of the Bay of Bengal’s monsoon-laden winds and are among the wettest places on earth. Stupendous waterfalls can be seen near the capital, Shillong, but the most dramatic plummet from the plateau to the south, around Cherrapunjee.

Meghalaya’s hills rise to almost 2000m, making for a pleasantly cool year-round climate. The Jaintia Hills offer good walking and caving, and the state is laced with historical sights such as Nartiang near Jowai, which has an impressive collection of monoliths.


Shillong Tourist Guide and Shillong Tourist packages

With its rolling hills of pine conifers and pineapple shrubs, SHILLONG was known to the British as “the Scotland of the East” – an impression first brought to mind by Barapani (or Umiam), the stunning loch-like reservoir on its fringes, and the sight of the local Khasi women wearing gingham and tartan shawls. At an altitude of around 1500m, Shillong became a popular hill-station for the British, who built it on the site of a thousand-year-old Khasi settlement and made it Assam’s capital in 1874.

Life in Shillong used to revolve around the decorative Ward Lake  and the European Ward next to it, with large bungalows in pine-shaded gardens, and the governor’s official residence, Government House. The ambience here is in stark contrast to the narrow streets of Police Bazaar, packed with vendors, or, further west, Bara Bazaar, where Meghalaya’s oldest market, Iewduh, is held: in the days of the Raj, a British officer on horseback patrolled the market to ensure no one littered. The shabby  State Museum in Lachumiere  has exhibits on tribal customs, while the sparkling Don Bosco Museum offers a fascinating insight into the region’s tribal groups – just skirt over the woefully one-sided portrayal of Christian missionaries. To get here, head to Hotel Polo Towers, then follow the river round to the west for 1.5km until you find the signs pointing uphill to the museum. The Museum of Entomology, 2km northwest of Police Bazaar, is dedicated to moths and butterflies.

Shillong is peppered with small booths filled with punters betting on siat khnam, a local sport in which Khasi men fire arrows at a target and spectators bet on the final two digits of the total. Daily games start around 3.30pm opposite Nehru Stadium.

For some respite from the city, head to Tripura Castle, from where a short uphill walk takes you into pine-forested hills, while Shillong Peak (1965m), 10km west of town, also offers great views, as well as being home to the last four ilex khasiana, a high-altitude tree on the verge of extinction.


Cherrapunjee and Mawsynram Tour Packages

CHERRAPUNJEE, 56km south of Shillong in the Khasi Hills, achieved fame as the wettest place on earth: the highest daily rainfall ever recorded fell here in 1876 – 104cm in 24 hours. Nearby Mawsynram, however, now gets slightly more water, with a staggering average annual rainfall of 1187cm. The area’s numerous waterfalls are most impressive during the steamy monsoon season when awesome torrents plunge down to the Bangladeshi plains. However, in recent years the level of precipitation has decreased – most likely as a result of climate change – and water shortages have even been reported.

Cherrapunjee town is spread out over several kilometres. Every eight days a market is held here, with tribal jewellery and local orange-coloured honey on offer. The various nearby points of interest – the Noh Kalikai waterfall, Bangladesh viewpoint, and Mawsmai village and cave – are all within a few kilometres of Cherrapunjee, though in different directions. An easy way of seeing them all is to join Meghalaya Tourism’s day-trip. Alternatively, a taxi for the day costs Rs1200–1600.

You can visit Cherrapunjee on a day-trek along the David Scott Trail from Mawsphlang, the site of an ancient sacred grove. Impulse Inc at the NGO Network in Shillong’s Lachumiere (t0364/250 0587) can organize this.

The main attraction at MAWSYNRAM, 12km from Cherrapunjee, is the Mawjinbuin cave, where a stalagmite resembling a shivalingam is perpetually bathed by water dripping from a breast-shaped stalactite. There are no direct buses between Mawsynram and Cherrapunjee, so hire a taxi or join Meghalaya Tourism’s day-trip.


Arunachal Pradsh Tourist Guide and Arunachal Pradesh Tourist packages

ARUNACHAL PRADESH, “the land of the dawn-lit mountains”, is one of India’s last unspoilt wildernesses. A wealth of fascinating cultures and peoples – plus a staggering five hundred species of orchid – are found in its glacial terrain, alpine meadows and subtropical rainforests.

The capital, Itanagar, is north of the Brahmaputra across from Jorhat. In the far west of the state, the road from Bhalukpong on the Assamese border to Tawang climbs steadily through rugged hills, streams and primeval forests, crossing the dramatic Sela Pass (4300m) midway. Along the route lie the Buddhist towns of Bomdila, Rupa and Dirang. In the far northeast, Namdapha National Park is home to clouded and snow leopards. Nearby Parasuramkund is one of India’s most important and least accessible Hindu pilgrimage sites.

Between December and March, most of the state’s hill towns are bitterly cold and accommodation is not geared up to cope – bring a winter sleeping bag, hot water bottle and torch, as power cuts are common.

Tawang Tourist Guide and Packages

Some 180km beyond Bomdila, the great Buddhist monastery of TAWANG, the largest in India, dominates the land of the Monpas. Perched at around 3500m and looking out onto a semicircle of peaks, snow-capped for much of the year, Tawang town feels very much like the end-of-the-road place it is. It is cold here most of the time, so bring your thermals.

Tawang Monastery, established in the seventeenth century when this area was part of Greater Tibet, was the birthplace of the sixth Dalai Lama. The colourful fortress-like complex, a couple of kilometres beyond the town, houses around five hundred monks and is renowned for its collection of manuscripts and thangkas. There is a small museum (Rs20) filled with Buddhist ornaments and relics, and a library. The main shrine room is richly decorated and has several statues, including a beautiful thousand-armed Chenrezig (or Avalokitesvara). If you’re lucky the monks may invite you in for a cup of salted yak-butter tea. Much to the displeasure of the Chinese government, the present Dalai Lama – who passed through Tawang in 1959 after being forced out of Tibet – visited the monastery in late 2009.

Two ani gompas (nunneries) are visible from the main gate, clinging to the steep mountain slopes in the distance. They can be reached on foot in a couple of hours or by vehicle on a road that passes through a military camp and therefore requires a permit. A 5km ropeway connecting Tawang with the ani gompas was being constructed at the time of research.

Tawang is a friendly town, with festivals held throughout the year. The three-day Torgya celebration is staged every January to ward off evil spirits and natural disasters and the week-long Losar (Buddhist New Year) festival is held in February or early March, with more dancing and festivities.

Beyond Tawang, very close to the Tibetan border, is the lake district of Bangachangsa. Dotted with pristine high-altitude lakes, small gompas and caves associated with Guru Rinpoche, it is sacred to Tibetan Buddhists and Sikhs – Guru Nanak visited the region twice, hence the small Sikh gurudwara. There is no public transport but challenging treks can be arranged at Hotel Pemaling in Dirang or the tourist office in Bomdila.

Namdapha National Park Tourist Guide

The beautifully remote NAMDAPHA NATIONAL PARK is unique for its massive range of altitudes (200–4500m). Close to the Myanmar border, Namdapha is home to tigers, leopards (clouded and snow), elephants, red pandas, deer and the endangered Hoolock gibbon, although you are unlikely to spot any big wildlife on a short visit. The journey here is long and uncomfortable, so it’s advisable to visit with a tour operator: try Purvi Discovery, Gurudongma Tours & Treks or Jungle Travels India.

The park headquarters are at Miao, where you can book to stay at the Forest Rest House (Rs501–700) in Deban, the main camp, which has wonderful views over the river valley.It’s possible to take a guided elephant trek with overnight camping inside the park – contact the Field Director at Miao.

Buses to and from Miao pass through Margherita, 64km southwest, and Tinsukia, 40km further southwest in Assam, where rail services run to Guwahati. Dibrugarh is a further 47km beyond Tinsukia.


When to visit NorthEast India

The best time to visit the Northeast is from November to April, although mountain areas can be extremely cold by December. It rains heavily from May to the end of September. In two weeks you could travel from West Bengal to Guwahati, Shillong and Kaziranga, while three weeks would be enough to cover the main sights of Assam and Meghalaya. A month would enable you to enjoy the two most beautiful and remote states, Arunachal Pradesh and Nagaland. To take in all the states together, including Mizoram, you’ll need considerably longer.


Tips to Visit NorthEast India

You are requested to Travel to North East India through reputed travel agents to save amounts of time, energy, avoid bureaucracy, language barriers, long drives on terrible roads, basic accommodation and extremes in temperature.

While traveling to NorthEast, you must have your own jeep and drive, If travelling to NorthEast India in winter, A sleeping bag and thermals are must, as much of the accommodation is not set up for cold weather. NorthEast Region shares the same time zone as the rest of India despite being very far east, the sun rises and sets early and a lot of places close by 6pm.

Outside Guwahati, money-changing facilities are rare, so bring what cash you need with you.


Permissions and Inner Line Permits for NorthEast India

NorthEast India is gradually opening up for tourism, Currently Assam, Meghalaya and Tripura are completely free of restrictions. Foreigners require Restricted or Protected Area Permits to visit Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Mizoram and Manipur; Indian nationals require Inner Line Permits for these four states. Arunachal Pradesh is the only state that charges for its permit (US$50), though Manipur demands a Rs1500 “royalty fee” when your permit is issued. Arunachal Pradesh permits are valid for 30 days; permits for the other states are valid for ten days, though it is sometimes possible to get an extension – ask on application or check with a tour operator in the region. Nagaland and Arunachal Pradesh permits start from a fixed date; Mizoram permits start when you enter the state.

Officially Nagaland and Mizoram require you to travel in a group of at least four. However, Nagaland may allow married couples to enter on their own, while in practice Mizoram tends to be more flexible (you can often obtain a permit even if you are travelling alone). Arunachal Pradesh officially requires you to be in a group of two, though individual travellers, applying through a travel agent, can obtain a permit by paying the full two-person US$100 fee. Make lots of photocopies of your permits, as you will have to leave copies behind at the border, with hotels and so on.

When you cross into Arunachal Pradesh or Mizoram, you may have to tell the border guards that the other – non-present or fictitious – people on your permit have been “delayed” and that you are meeting a local guide once you reach your destination, regardless of your actual intentions. Nagaland is far stricter, however, and you’re unlikely to be allowed in on your own or without a guide; realistically you need to visit the state as part of an organized trip. If you are travelling with a tour operator in any of the states, expect to pay at least US$50 per person per day.

Independent travellers should have their permits endorsed at the Foreigners’ Registration Office (or with the Superintendent of Police) in the state capitals. Permits are not date-stamped when you cross a border, so if your travels take you in and out of a state more than once, there may be some confusion as to whether you are allowed back in again. Passes are valid for the full period they are allocated for, no matter how many times you enter and exit a state, but in practice you may find yourself facing border guards demanding bribes. Stand your ground.

Obtaining permits

The easiest way of getting a permit for Mizoram, Nagaland and Arunachal Pradesh is by applying several weeks in advance through a tour operator. You’ll have to pay an administration fee – and sometimes a few rupees to “ease” the permit’s progress through the state bureaucracy – but they may be able to help put a group together. The alternative is to apply to the Foreigners’ Division of the Ministry of Home Affairs, Lok Nayak Bhavan, Khan Market, New Delhi, or the Foreigners’ Regional Registration Office, AJC Bose Road, Kolkata; however, the permits issued from these offices are often limited to certain areas within the states, which may not fit in with your travel plans. It is best to give yourself around a week to get the permits sorted. It’s also possible to obtain permits from Indian embassies abroad – however, they all have to get permission from Delhi, so apply at least two months in advance.

To obtain Inner Line Permits, Indian citizens should apply with two passport photographs to representatives of the state governments concerned. Applications should only take a day to process, and can be extended for up to six months in the relevant state capital.


Sikkim Darjeeling Tour Packages - Exciting holiday options

Darjeeling and Sikkim are two extremely well known tourist destinations in northeastern India. Eminent snow-capped mountain peaks, lush jade green sprawling tea homes and various & rich widely varied vegetation make Darjeeling and Sikkim among top most favored holiday destinations in India. On your visit to the north eastern India, you will have a great chance to get acquainted with the appeal and magnificence of Darjeeling (a well known hill station in West Bengal), Kalimpong, and Gangtok the state capital of Sikkim. The excellence of Sikkim Darjeeling Tour Packages snatches the consideration of tourists and vacationers from everywhere throughout the world.

Why Visit the northeastern India

Actually, on the off chance that you need to view the charming and phenomenal magnificence of these brilliant spots of northeastern India, pick a right Sikkim Darjeeling tour package and revel in your holidays in the lap of nature and the magnificent Himalayas, experiencing the stunning excellence of nature. Darjeeling is an excellent hill station in West Bengal, which is situated in the lap of eminent Kanchanjungha Himalayas. It is among India's most well known hill resorts offering a sublime open door for glorious holidays in India. Vacationers have a magnificent open door to experience the delightful locales such as verdant hills, green valleys, moving green tea bequests, and radiant vista of compelling peaks of Himalayas - Mount Kanchanjungha, the third most astounding mountain top on the planet. 

Sikkim incredible tourism packages

Sikkim is situated in the lap of glorious & picturesque Himalayas. It is an excellent Indian state in northeastern India. Sikkim gives a magnificent view of the incredible tourism, and heavenly holidays, along with energizing & exciting escapade sport exercises. Snow capped mountain peaks, rich green tropical woodlands, murmuring mountain streams, gorgeous lakes, beautiful scenes, rich greenery & fauna, Buddhist cloisters, and so on, all are the greatest attractions of Sikkim visits and ventures. Gangtok is the state capital of Sikkim. It is a lovely hill station and a significant tourist terminus in northeastern India. It is about a four hour drive from Darjeeling. The drive to Gangtok from Darjeeling is itself a happy experience. The zigzag roads in the hills give tourists a heavenly chance to see the beautiful and verdant hills, Himalayas and streaming perspective of stream Teesta. Rumtek Monastery, Pelling, Khechepalri Lake, Tsomgo Lake, and so forth are attractions of Gangtok, Sikkim visits and voyages. Pelling is a little place in Sikkim offering awesome and stunning view of the superb Himalayas and the psyche boggling appeal of the nature.