A Destination well known for Tibetan holy leader Dalai Lama - A Pilgrimage Destination for All divinity and peace Seekers - A Destination which is pretty imposing and cool. The city was named after David McLeod, the former Governor of Punjab under British rule.
McLeod-Ganj-Beautiful-View ( Ref - Adventuresofagoodman)
This is the administrative headquarters of the Tibetan Government in exile. Mcleodganj a real cross section of Tibet is a well known learning centre of Tibetan culture and Buddhist dharmas and rituals. It has been nick named as the little Lhasa, reverberating the Buddhist influence on the land. The ambience of the area is resonated by Buddhist religious practices and lifestyles. This is a bastion of the natural beauty as the Mother Nature has blessed this area with all its magnanimities.
TIPA, Tibetan Institute of Performing Arts, is an attraction for all art loving tourists. The ten day festival of theatres, music and dance held annually during the month of May is vibrant and enticing.
This is an imposing hill station located at about 1700m high in Himachal Pradesh. The area is enriched with many ancient temples, monasteries and structures. Tsuglagkhang is the main temple enshrining Sakyamuni Buddha, Avalokitesvara and Padmasambhava.
McLeodganj thrives on International and Indian Tourists. These tourist include Dalai Lama visitors, Supporters for Tibetan Cause, Buddhists, Foodies and Adventure Trekkers. It is known for Buddhist handicrafts, garments and thangkas. Namgyal Monastery is one of the great attractions here. This is a prefect religious destinations for the Buddhist.
Mcleodganj Coordinates: 32.238602°N 76.323878°E
Country : India
State : Himachal Pradesh
District : Kangra
World famous for : Holy HH Dalai lama, Tibetan Capital In Excile, Foods, Bhagsu Nag,Sidhibari Tapovan,Norbulingka Institute
Main Culture/Religion : Tibetan, Buddhist
Elevation 2,082 metres 6,831 feet
Telephone code 01892 STD code
Nearest Airport Gaggal airport 15 km
2nd Nearest Airport Kullu (Bhuntar)
Nearest Train Station Una Himachal 100 km
Nearest Main City Dharamshala
Distance from Delhi 350 Kms
Lowest Temprature - December to February)
Highest temperature 38°C (March to June)
Tourist Months - mid-September to November)
Meeting face to face with the Dalai Lama is a lifelong dream for many travellers, but private audiences are granted after careful screening only. Put simply, the Dalai Lama is too busy with spiritual duties and running the government in exile to meet everyone who comes to Dharamsala.
Tibetan refugees are automatically guaranteed an audience, but travellers must make do with the occasional public meetings held at Gangchen Kyishong during the monsoon (July/August) and after Losar (Tibetan New Year) in February/March. Details of meetings are posted around McLeod Ganj. To attend you have to register,with your passport, at the Branch Security Office.
Also here is the moving Tibet Museum, telling the tragic story of the Chinese occupation and the subsequent Tibetan exodus through photographs, interviews and video clips. A visit here is a must for anyone staying in McLeod Ganj. Most Tibetan pilgrims make a kora (ritual circuit) of the Tsuglagkhang Complex, which must be carried out in a clockwise direction. Take the road to the left at the entrance to the temple and follow the winding path leading off to the right.
Inside the government compound at Gangchen Kyishong, the Library Of Tibetan Works & Archives (Secretariat Complex; h9am-5pmMon-Sat, closed 2nd & 4th Sat of month) preserves the Tibetan texts saved from the Cultural Revolution. Many have sincebeen translated into English and other European languages, but you must become a temporary member (Rs 50 per month; passport needed for ID) to access the collection. Upstairs is a fascinating cultural museum with statues, old Tibetan artefacts and books, and some astonishingthree-dimensional mandalas in wood and sand. Also worth a visit is the Nechung Gompa, home to the Tibetan state oracle.
Located about a 15 minute walk from the center of McLeod Ganj, the Tibetan Institute of Performing Arts (TIPA) was the first institute created in exile. It exists to preserve and perform the colorful Tibetan culture of music, dance and theatre. TIPA is a school as well as a center of performing arts. At the school, a mix of modern and traditional Tibetan education is provided to Tibetan children who are also trained in their traditional music, dance and theatre.TIPA also trains individuals who are sent to Tibetan settlements and schools throughout India and Nepal to teach music and perfoming arts. Performers from TIPA have also entertained all over the world.
Every April TIPA holds an annual Folk Opera Festival. It is an exciting time of year and many folk operas, dance performances, plays and concerts are presented. At other occasions TIPA also holds performances, for example during Losar, for visiting dignitaries and other important dates.
The Reception Center in Dharamsala was opened in 1990 in response to the increasing number of new refugees escaping from Tibet to come to India to live in exile. It is located near the center of McLeod Ganj and is always bustling with much activity.After crossing through Nepal, refugees make their way to Dharamsala via Dehli where their first stop upon arriving is the Reception Center. Every day dozens of refugees flood the Reception Center and are given medical care, food and lodging. After spending a few weeks at the center they are directed onward to a Tibetan Settlement, often in South India.
In addition to assisting new arrivals from Tibet, the Reception Center helps fresh refugees in their search for employment or to enroll in school or monastaries. The center also provides training and financial assistance to help refugees start their own small businesses.
The Tibetan Children’s Village (TCV) program includes 15 schools that are spread throughout different parts of India. In Dharamsala, the TCV programs educate approximately ten thousand children. Three thousand of these children are also raised and looked after as many of are orphans or newly arrived refugees from Tibet.
There are two TCV schools in the Dharamsala area. The main school, known as upper TCV, is situated on 43 acres about two kilometers away from McLeod Ganj. Here there are thirty eight homes, four hostels, a baby room, modern school building, sports grounds and a handicraft center all serving about three thousand children from infancy to age 18. Lower TCV has about one thousand children.
From the central bus stand, Jogibara Rd runs south to Gangchen Kyishong and Dharamsala,Temple Rd runs south to the Tsuglagkhang Complex, Bhagsu Rd runs east to Bhagsu, Tipa Rd runs northeast to the Tibetan Institute of Performing Arts andDharamkot Rd runs north to Dharamkot. The taxi stand is on Mall Rd and autorickshaws and share jeeps stop on the lower northern road to the Church of St John in the Wilderness and Dal Lake.
Established to preserve the ancient arts of amchi (traditionalTibetan medicine) and astrology, the Men-Tsee Khang is a five-minute walk below the Secretariat. There’s a library andtraining college, and if you know the exact time you were born, you can have a whole life horoscope prepared in English forUS$45.
At the base of a long flight of steps below the bus stand, this peaceful gompa was built in 1987 to replace the original Dip Tse Chokling Gompa in Tibet, destroyed in the Cultural Revolution. Home to a small order of Gelukpa monks, the prayer hall enshrines a statue of Sakyamuni in a magnificent jewelled headdress.
Until May 1949, Tibet was an autonomous kingdom, ruled by the spiritual dynasty of the Dalai Lama, the living incarnation of Avalokitesvara, the Buddhist deity of compassion. Then the Chinese People’s Liberation Army marched into Lhasa to liberate the Tibetan people of their land and their culture. Since then, some 1.2 million Tibetans have been killed and 90% of Tibet’s cultural heritage has been destroyed. Facing unimaginable persecution, more than 250,000 Tibetan refugees have made the decision to flee their homeland, on foot over the Himalaya to seek sanctuary in India, led by His Holiness the
14th Dalai Lama, Tenzin Gyatso, who was granted asylum in Dharamsala in 1959. The village of Gangchen Kyishong below McLeod Ganj is now the headquarters for the official Tibetan government in exile, with a dedicated team of politicians and legal experts fighting for liberation and the rights of those still oppressed in Tibet. Sadly, the cause of India’s Tibetan refugees has fallen out of favour with Western protesters.
‘Free Tibet’ marches struggle to find a hundred people who are prepared to protest about the death of a million Tibetans.With China becoming increasingly powerful on the world stage,hopes for justice for Tibet are fading fast. Meanwhile,India’s Tibetan refugees continue to eke out a living from farming, manufacturing, and selling carpets and other traditional crafts. Tibetan refugee schools and other charitable projects are in desperate need of long-term volunteers across the region for more information.
McLeod Ganj has dozens of practitioners of holistic and alternative therapies, some legitimate and some making a fast buck at the expense of gullible travellers. Adverts for courses and sessions are posted on noticeboards all over McLeod Ganj and in Contact magazine, but talking to other travellers is a better way to find the good practitioners. Be warned that some women travellers have been molested by so-called ‘therapists
Amchi (traditional Tibetan medicine) is a popular treatment for minor and persistent ailments. There are several clinics around town, including the Men-Tsee-Khang Clinic and Dr Lobsang Khangkar MemorialClinic.
Tsuglag Khang, otherwise known as Dalai Lama Main Temple, is the most important Tibetan Buddhist temple outside of Tibet. Tsuglag Khang is the temple of His Holiness the Dalai Lama and his private residence is just opposite this holy structure. It is located about one kilometer out of the center of McLeod Ganj down the Temple Road. The temple is one of the first structures built when His Holiness arrived in India in 1959. Today, as well as being the site of public worship,
it is also the place where the Dalai Lama holds his public and private audiences and his public teachings. There are many religious festivities and dances held here throughout the year also. It is a place that is often bustling with prayful activity. Named after a 7th century temple in Lhasa, Tsuglag Khang is simple in comparison, yet still fascinating and extremely peaceful. The temple enshrines three main images: a three meter high gilted bronze stature of the Shakyamuni Buddha; one of Avalokitesvara, the Buddha of Compassion of whom the Dalai Lama is considered an incarnation; and Padmasambhava, the 8th century Indian who introduced Buddhism to Tibet. Both Avalokitesvara and Padmasambhava are facing Tibet.
The image of Avalokitesvara has a powerful history. During the cultural revolution in China the original Avalokitesvara image, which was in the Jokhang Temple in Lhasa, was discarded into the streets with may other sacred Buddhist objects.
Some Tibetans managed to salvage a wrathful face and a peaceful face image of the Avalokitesvara. In 1967 these pieces made it to India via Nepal, having been passed through thousands of hands in the process.
In 1970, these faces were encased in the new Avalokitesvara which stands at Tsuglag Khang. It is silver crafted and has eleven faces, one thousand arms and one thousand eyes. Also at Tsuglag Khang is a collection of sacred texts known as the Khagyur and the Tengyur. The Khagyur are the direct teachings of Buddha. The Tengyur are commentaries on the Khagyur by Indian and Tibetan scholars. Both texts have been translated from original Sanskrit.
Downhill from McLeod on Temple Rd, the Tsuglagkhang (Central Chapel; h10am-6pm for nonresidents) comprises the photang (official residence) of the Dalai Lama, as well as the Namgyal Gompa, Tibet Museum and the Tsuglagkhang itself.The revered Tsuglagkhang is the exiles equivalent of the Jokhang Temple in Lhasa. Sacred to Avalokitesvara (Chenrezi in Tibet),the Tibetan deity of compassion, it enshrines a 3m-high gilded statue of the Sakyamuni Buddha, flanked by Avalokitesvara and Padmasambhava, the Indian scholar who introduced Buddhism to Tibet.
The Avalokitesvara statue contains several relics rescued from the Jokhang Temple during the Cultural Revolution. Next to the Tsuglagkhang is the Kalachakra Temple, built in 1992, which contains mesmerizing murals of the Kalachakra (Wheel of Time) mandala,specifically linked to Avalokitesvara, currently represented on earth by the Dalai Lama. Sand mandalas are created hereannually on the fifth day of the third Tibetan month.
Photography is allowed in the Tsuglagkhang, but not in the Kalachakra Temple. The remaining buildings form the Namgyal Gompa, where it is possible to watch monks debate most afternoons, sealingpoints of argument with great flourish, a foot stamp and theatrical clap of the hands. The monastery bookshop has a goodselection of Buddhist texts, and you can enjoy cakes and vegetarian food at the Namgyal Café which provides vocationaltraining for refugees.
About 2km east of McLeod Ganj, Bhagsu (Bhagsunag) is developing into a busy summer resort. There’s a popular traveller centre at the back of the village, but things are definitely moving upmarket. has a cold spring with baths, a small Shiva temple built by the raja of Kangra in the 16th century, and a gaudy new temple with stairways passing through the open mouths of a cement crocodile and lion. You can walk on to Dharamkot or Triund via a gushing waterfall.Various alternative therapies are available in the backpacker enclave, though there are plenty of quack practitioners around.
About 6km from Dharamsala, the little village of Sidhibari is the adopted home of Ogyen Trinley Dorje, the 17th Karmapa of Tibetan Buddhism, who fled to India in 2000.Although his official seat is Rumtek Monastery in Sikkim, the teenaged leader of the Kagyu (Black Hat) sect has been banned from taking up his seat for fear this would upset the Chinese government. The temporary seat of the Karmapa is the large Gyuto Tantric Gompa (%01892-236637) in Sidhibari. Public audiences take place here on Wednesday and Saturday at 2pm; foreign visitors are welcome but security is tight and bags, phones and cameras are not allowed inside the auditorium. Nearby is the Tapovan Ashram, a popular spiritual retreat for devotees of
Rama, with a colourful Ram Mandir, a giant black Shiva lingam and a 6m-high statue of Hanuman. Regular local buses run from Dharamsala to Sidhibari. Tapovan is a 2km walk south along a quiet country road.
About 6km from Dharamsala, the wonderful Norbulingka Institute was established in 1988 to teach and preserve traditional Tibetan art forms, including woodcarving, statue-making,thangka painting and embroidery. The centre produces expensive but exquisite souvenirs, including embroidered clothes, cushions and wall hangings, and sales benefit refugee artits. Also here are delightful Japanese-influenced gardens and a central Buddhist temple with a 4mhigh gilded statue of Sakyamuni. Next to the shop is the Losel Doll Museum with quaint puppet dioramas of Tibetan life.
A short walk behind the complexis the large Dolma Ling Buddhist nunnery. Set in the gorgeous Norbulingka gardens, the characterful Norling Guest House(246406; normail@ norbulingka.org; s/d from Rs 1000/1150) offers fairytale rooms decked out with Buddhist murals and handicrafts from the institute. Meals are available at the institute’s Norling Café. To get here, catch a Yol-bound bus from Dharamsala and ask to be let off at Sidhpur (Rs 5, 15 minutes), near the Sacred Heart School, from where it’s a 15- minute walk. A taxi from Dharamsala will cost Rs 250 return.
About 30km southeast of Dharamsala, Palampur is a small junction town surrounded by tea plantations and rice fields. A short trek from town takes you to the pretty waterfall in Bundla Chasm, or you can pass a pleasant few hours observing the tea-making process at the Palampur Tea Cooperative.
The small town of Baijnath, set on a mountainfacing ridge 46km southeast of Dharamsala, is an important pilgrimage destination. In the middle of the village is the exquisitely carved Baidyanath Temple, sacred to Shiva in his incarnation as Vaidyanath, Lord of the Physicians, dating from the 8th century. Thousands of pilgrims make their way here for the Shivaratri Festival in February and early March.
About 5km west of Baijnath, and 2km north from the Palampur road, the village of Tashijong is home to a small community of Drukpa Kagyud monks and refugees. The centre of life here is the Tashijong Gompa,with several muralfilled
prayer halls and a carpet-making, thangkapainting and woodcarving cooperative. About 2km south of Tashijong, at Taragarh,is the extraordinary Taragarh Palace, the summer palace of the last maharaja of Jammu and Kashmir. Now a luxury hotel, this elegant country seat is full of portraits of the Dogra royal family, Italian marble, crystal chandeliers, tiger skins and other ostentatious furnishings. There’s a restaurant,a fully equipped gym and gorgeous grounds with a pool.
Toshijong Monastery - Tashi Jong, is 15 kilometers(almost 10 miles) from Palampur and 2 kilometers from Baijnath. This is a small village in between Paprola and Tara Garh (famous for its Taragarh Palace hotel and beautiful tea gardens and main indian Army base (Alhilhal)).Tashi Jong is a famous Tibetan monastery and set on beautiful Dhauladhar mountains.
Tashi Jong is home to The Drukpa Kagyu tradition, which is one of the schools of the Kagyu tradition of Tibetan Buddhism.It has a few sub-schools, though they are very similar and transmit the same core of teaching.
In the late 1950′s, the eighth Khamtrul Rinpoche, Dongyu Nyima, seeing that a great problem was imminent, left Tibet with many of his followers just prior to the Communist Chinese invasion. He led his followers to North of India in Himachal Pradesh and started a new Khampagar which they called Tashi Jong. At Tashi Jong, Khamtrul Rinpoche did everything he could to re-establish the various traditions that he and his followers carried with them from Tibet so that they would survive for posterity. Amongst many things, he envisaged a projet for the complete restoration of the texts of the Drukpa Kagyu tradition and began the work by having copies of the texts that had been carried out of Tibet freshly transcribed and re-printed in Delhi. He also began work on a new edition of one of the most important written works of the Drukpa Kagyu tradition, The Collected Works of All-knowing Padma Karpo which has become hard to obtain. He assembled good editions of the texts, supervised the cutting of new wood blocks, and did the correction and editing himself. The new edition was not completed before he died but the wood blocks that had been cut were taken to the Bhutanese National Library where they became the basis of a completed work that was published in February, 2000. This is the best edition readily available.
Tashi Jong is also home to Dongyu Gatsal Ling .This Drukpa Kagyu Tibetan Buddhist Nunnery was founded in 2000 for young women from Tibet and other Himalayan regions like Ladakh, Spiti,and Kinnaur. http://www.gatsal.org Diane Perry a British who became the first fully ordained Western Buddhist nun, Drubgyu Tenzin Palmo, runs this nunnery.She is a multi dimensional personality and has written many books. Her biography tells all about her and her 12 year solitary retreat in a cave in the snowy mountains of northern India, and the effects of her Buddhist experiences on her life
Dharamshala Cricket Stadium (DCS) is a cricket stadium of international reputation, which serves as the home ground to the Himachal Pradesh state cricket team and also for the IPL team Kings XI Punjab to a limited extent. By virtue of its natural backdrop, it is one of the most attr cricket stadiums in India. In addition to Ranji matches, some international matches are also held here. Recently a match between Kings XI Punjab and Chennai Superkings held here in which His Holiness the Dalai Lama graced the match of the Indian Premier League (IPL) at the picturesque Himachal Pradesh Cricket Stadium in Dharamshala.The snow capped mountains can be easily viewed throughout the year. An additional feature is the Dharamsala College nearby which is surrounded by pine trees on one side.
Masrur (or Masroor): The major attraction of this place is the fifteen exquisitely carved monolithic rock temples dating back to 8th century. The carvings of these temples are similar to Kailash temple at Ellora. In the sanctum of the main temple, one can find images of Lord Ram, and the Goddesses Sita and Lakshmi.
Bhagsu Waterfall: This waterfall is situated at Bhagsu, 2 km from McLeodganj. It lies behind the Bhagsunag Temple. During Monsoon, the fall turns into a 30 feet cascade.
Bhagsunag Temple: Temple of god Shiva situated around 2 km from McLeodganj Bazaar. Constructed by 1 GR by around 1800 century and then worshipped majorly by 14 Gukha platoon villages in Dharamshala. Very next to Bhagsunag temple is a water fall, one of the major tourist attraction spot in Dharamshala.
Kunal Pathri Temple: This temple is dedicated to Goddess Kalpeshwari, and is located 3 km from the Kotwali Bazaar. It's a believed that a part of Goddess Sati, skull, fell here when Lord Shiva was carrying the charred body of the Goddess, and hence the name of the temple.
Chamunda Temple: This temple is located around 15 km from Dharamshala on the right bank of river Baner on the Mandi-Pathankot highway. According to mythology, Goddess Kali killed the demons Chand and Mund at this place.
Dal Lake: The Lake is spread in an area of 1 km and is bounded by rhododendrons, deodars, and junipers forest. Annually, a fair is held at the Kali Temple near the Lake. There is another temple close to the lake that is dedicated to sage Durvasa.Dal Lake is 2 km walk westwards from McLeod Ganj bazaar.
Triund: Triund is nestled in the foothills of Dhauladhar and is around 17 km from Dharamshala. It's a trekking destination from McLeod Ganj, and offers magnificent vistas of the mountains and valleys. The nightstays are in the hoods, small time caves, that local gaddis with their goat herds use as shelters from rains during the daytime.
Naddi: This scenic picnic spot is located 5 km northwest of McLeod Ganj. Naddi offers a spectacular view of the Kangra valley. You can trek to Kareri Lake, Triund, and Guna Devi from here. It's also becoming a popular destination for nature lovers.
Bir & Billing:-
About 9km east of Baijnath, a road winds uphill to the village of Bir (1300m), a small Tibetan colony with three peaceful gompas that welcome passing visitors, and Billing (2600m), a famous launch pad for paragliding and hang-gliding. In 1992 the world record of 135km for an out-and-return flight was set here. International teams come to challenge the record every May for the Himalayan Hang- Gliding Rally. You need your own gear to enjoy the thermals, but inquire locally about tandem flights.
The former capital of the princely state of Kangra, this bustling pilgrim town is an easy day trip from McLeod Ganj. Hindus visit to pay homage at the Brajeshwari Devi Temple, one of the 51 Shakti peeths, the famous temples marking the sites where body parts from Shiva ’s first wife, Sati, fell after the goddess was consumed by flames – the Brajeshwari temple marks the final resting place of Sati’s left breast (see p486 for more on the legend). Famous for its wealth, the temple was looted by a string of invaders, from Mahmud of Ghazni to Jehangir, before collapsing in the 1905 earthquake. Rebuilt in the original style, the temple is reached through an atmospheric bazaar winding uphill from the main road, lined with shops selling prasad and religious trinkets.
Kangra Fort (Nagar Kot)
It soars above the confluence of the Manjhi and Banganga Rivers. The fort was used by Hindu rajas,Mughal warlords and even the British before it was finally toppled by the earthquake of 1905. On clear days, head to the battlements for views north to the mountains and south to the plains. A small museum at the fort has stone carvings from temples inside the compound and miniature paintings from the Kangra School.
About 34km south of Kangra is the temple of Jawalamukhi, the goddess of light, worshipped in the form of a natural gas eternal flame, issuing from the rocks. The temple is one of the 51 Shakti peeths, marking the spot where the tongue of Shiva’s first wife Sati fell after her body was consumed by flames (see p486 for more on the legend). The gold dome and spire was installed by Maharaja Ranjit Singh, the ‘Lion of Punjab’, who never went into battle without seeking a blessing from the temple.
THE KANGRA TOY TRAIN
A lumbering narrow-gauge train runs east from Pathankot, providing a scenic, if slow, back route to Kangra (2½ hours),Palampur (four hours), Baijnath (6½ hours) and Jogindernagar (nine hours). There are seven trains a day – two as far as Jogindernagar and five as far as Baijnath. Ordinary trains cost Rs 27 or less to any destination on the route, but carriages are crammed with passengers and seats cannot be booked in advance. Board early to grab a window seat and enjoy the views en route.
Trekking in Mcleodganj :-
Mcleodganj is a starting point to a number of trekking trails that especially lead trekkers across Dhauladhar into the upper Ravi Valley and Chamba district. En route, you cross through forests of deodar, pine, oak and rhododendron, and pass streams and rivers and wind along vertiginous cliff tracks, and also the occasional lake waterfall and glacier.A 2-km amble takes one to Bhagsu, and then a further 3-km walk will lead the trekkers to Dharamkot. If one wishes to go on a longer walk then he/she can trek 8-km to Triund. The snow line of Ilaqa Got is just a 5-km walk.
It’is possible to trek from McLeod Ganj to the Kullu, Chamba, Lahaul and Spiti Valleys, and there are several agencies in town who can make the necessary arrangements. Probably the most popular route crosses the 4300m Indrahar Pass over the Dhaula Dhar to Bharmour.Uphill from the bus stand on the road to Dharamkot, the Regional Mountaineering Centre can arrange treks and adventure activities and offers courses and expeditions on set dates. It can also provide a list of registered guides and porters.
Toral Pass (4575m) which begins from Tang Narwana (1150m) that is located nearly 10 km from Dharamshala Across Bhimghasutri Pass (4580m) via near-vertical rocky ascents, steep cliffs and dangerous gorges. This is a highly difficult level trek and takes around six days to complete.
Dharamshala—Bleni Pass (3710m) – Dunali. Compared to other trekking trails, this one is much easier and takes around four or five-days to complete. The trek leads you through alpine pastures, woods, and streams, before ending at Dunali, on the Chamba road.Also, Dharamshala is an ideal destination for rock climbing enthusiasts. One can go rock climbing over the ridges of the Dhauladhar range.
This popular six- to seven-day route crosses over the Indrahar La (4300m) to the ancient village of Bharmour in the Chamba Valley.The pass is open from September to early November and you can start this trek, and make all arrangements, in Dharamsala or Bharmour.From McLeod, take an autorickshaw along the Dharamkot road then walk on through pine and rhododendron forests to Triund,where there’s a simple rest house. The next stage climbs to the glacier at Laka Got (3350m) and continues to the rocky shelter known as Lahes Cave. With an early start the next day, you can cross the Indrahar La – and be rewarded with astounding views – before descending to the meadow campground at Chata Parao.
The stages on to Bharmour can be tricky without a local guide. From Chata Parao, the path moves back into the forest,descending over three days to Kuarsi, Garola and finally to Bharmour, where you can catch buses on to Chamba.Alternatively, you can bail out and catch a bus at several places along the route, see above .
Stage Route Duration Distance - (km)
Interesting short walks around McLeod include the 2km stroll to Bhagsu and the 3km walk northeast to Dharamkot for uplifting views south over the valley and north towards the Dhauladhar Ridge. About 4km northwest of McLeod Ganj on Mall Rd, peaceful Dal Lake is home to the Tibetan Children’s Village which provides free education for refugee children. Visitors are welcome and there may be opportunities for volunteers.The lake itself has a small Hindu temple and there are great views from Naddi just uphill.
A popular longer walk is the two-day return tripthrough boulder fields and rhododendron forests to Triund (2900m), a 9km walk past Dharamkot. Triund has a simple resthouse and you can stop overnight and stroll up to the glacier at Laka Got (3350m) before turning back to McLeod Ganj.There’s a scenic route along the gorge from the waterfall at Bhagsu.
From Triund, you can trek to Indrahar La (4300m) andthe Chamba Valley –
Tibetan community in Mcleodganj
The Tibetan settlement of Dharamshala began in 1959, when His Holiness the Dalai Lama had to flee Tibet and the Prime Minister of India allowed him and his followers to settle in McLeodGanj (in Upper Dharmshala), a former colonial British summer picnic spot. There they established the "government-in-exile" in 1960. Dharamshala had been connected with Hinduism and Buddhism for a long time, many monasteries having been established there in the past, by Tibetan immigrants in the 19th century.
In 1970, The Dalai Lama, Tenzin Gyatso, opened the Library of Tibetan Works and Archives which houses over 80,000 manuscripts and other important resources related to Tibetan history, politics and culture. It is considered one of the most important institutions for Tibetology in the world,the new director is Geshe Lahkdor, the old translator of H.H. the Dalai Lama.
From the earliest times until the British Raj, Dharamshala and its surrounding area was ruled by the Katoch Dynasty of Kangra. The Katoch Dynasty is said to be the oldest serving Royal Family in the world. The Royal Family still keeps a residence in Dharamshala, known as 'Clouds End Villa'.
The indigenous people of the Dharamshala area (and the surrounding region) are the Gaddis, a predominantly Hindu group who traditionally lived a nomadic or semi-nomadic (transhumant) lifestyle. Due to the lack of permanent settlements in the area, some Gaddis lost their seasonal pastures and farmland when the British and the Gurkhas arrived to settle.
In 1848, the area now known as Dharamshala was annexed by the British.In 1860, the 66th Gurkha Light Infantry was moved from Kangra to Dharamshala, which was at first made a subsidiary cantonment. An ideal position for the new base was found on the slopes of the Dhauladhar Hills, near the site of a Hindu sanctuary, or Dharamshala, hence the name of the town.Battalion was later renamed the historic 1st Gurkha Rifles, this was the beginning of the legend of the Gurkhas, the so-called 'Bravest of the Brave'. Consequently, fourteen Gurkha platoon villages grew from this settlement, and exist to this day, namely Dari, Ramnagar, Shyamnagar, Dal, Totarani, Khanyara, Sadher, Chaandmaari, Sallagarhi, Sidhbari, Yol, and so on.
The Gurkhas worshipped at the ancient Shiva temple of Bhagsunag. The Gurkhas referred to Dharamshala as 'Bhagsu' and referred to themselves as Bhagsuwalas.The 21st Gurkha Regiment from Dharamshala performed heroic feats during World War I and the North West Frontier Province campaigns. The Gurkha cantonment then reached its zenith during World War II, when battalions from Dharamshala made history.
Many place names in the Mcleodganj town still retain their former cantonment terminologies:
Weather in Mcleodganj ( Wettest Place in North India)
Summer in Mcleodganj
Climate Dharamshala has a monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate. Summer starts in early April and peaks in early June, when temperatures can reach 36 °C. Summers last till mid of June.
Monsoon in Mcleodganj
From July to mid September, is the monsoon season, when up to 3000 mm (120 inches) of rain can fall, making Dharamshala one of the wettest places in the state. Autumn is mild and lasts from October to end of November.Autumn temperatures average around 16–17 °C.
Winter in Mcleodganj
Winter starts in December and goes on till late February. Snow and sleet is common during the winter in upper Dharamshala, i.e., McLeodganj, Bhagsu Nag, Naddi, etc. Lower Dharamshala hardly receives any solid precipitation except hail. Winter is followed by a short, pleasant spring till April. Historically, the Dhauladhar mountains used to remain snow-covered all year long but for the past five years, they have been losing their snow blanket during dry spells. The best time to visit are the autumn and spring months.
Reaching Mcleodganj by Flight
The nearest airport is Gaggal Airport, an hour's drive from Dharamshala and is serviced by Jagson Airlines.
Reaching Mcleodganj By Bus
Many buses of all classes (deluxe, air-conditioned, and regular) drive daily between Dharamsala and major cities such as Chandigarh, Delhi, and Shimla. Several buses each night connect McLeod Ganj with Majnu Ka Tila, the Tibetan settlement in Delhi.
Reaching Mcleodganj By Train
The nearest broad gauge railway station is in Una Himachal Pradeh, 2.5 hours from Dharamshala and well connected to the rest of Northern India. From Una Himachal, you can take a taxi to Mcleodganj, taxik costs around Rs 4000/- drop off.
There is another railway line from Pathankot to Jogindernagar, a part of the Mandi District of Himachal Pradesh, which is a narrow-gauge line, the nearest station to Dharamshala on this line is Chamunda Marg, half an hour away, where a Shaktipitha is located; the town is also well connected by road to other parts of the country
Mcleodganj is located in Kangra District about 18 kms from Dharamshala, which is a city in the upper reaches of the Kangra Valley and is surrounded by dense coniferous forest consisting mainly of stately Deodars. The suburbs of the town includes -- McLeod Ganj, Bhagsu Nath, Forsyth Ganj, Naddi, Kotwali Bazaar, Dari, Ram-nagar, Sidhpur and Sidhbari (where the Karmapa Lama is based).
The village of McLeod Ganj is in the upper reaches is known worldwide for the presence of the Tenzin Gyatso. On 29 April 1959, the 14th Dalai Lama established the Tibetan exile administration in the north Indian hill station of Mussoorie. In May 1960, the Central Tibetan Administration (CTA) was moved to Dharamsala.
Dharamsala is the centre of the Tibetan exile world in India. Following the 1959 Tibetan uprising there was an influx of Tibetan refugees, who followed the 14th Dalai Lama. His presence and the Tibetan population has made Dharamshala a popular destination for Indian and foreign tourists, including students studying Tibet. One of the main attractions of Dharamsala is Triund hill. Triund is one day trek of about 9 kilometres from McLeod Ganj.
His Holiness the Dalai Lama on Sunday, August 25 commenced a three-day teaching on Tsongkhapa's Concise Treatises on the Stages of the Path to Enlightenment, at the main temple in Dharamsala, India. A out 4700 devotees, including 250 Koreans and international visitors from 61 countries attended the event, His Holiness said that
1. Positive human values like morality, love and tolerance should be developed to create a lasting peace and happiness in the world, which is troubled by corruption, bullying and discords in the name of religion.
2. "The world still faces problems like corruption, hypocrisy and bullying of weak by strong despite introduction of rule of law, democracy and freedom of press," His Holiness the Dalai Lama said in his introductory remarks on the first day of a three-day teaching being given at the request of a group of Koreans.
3. "Despite making tremendous technological advancement and material development, people still do not have inner happiness and lasting peace in the world. Lack of positive human values breed negative emotions like greed, jealousy and hatred," the Nobel Peace Prize laureate said.
4. "So the need to develop human values is common for all 7 billion human beings, irrespective of whether they believe or do not believe in religion. All the world's religious traditions teach development and promotion of morality, love, compassion, tolerance, contentment and self-discipline," His Holiness said.