Jammu, the city of ancient temples is the second largest city of the northern Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir and is also its winter capital. This holy city is located along River Tawi in the foot hills of the Himalayas. Jammu offers the widest diversity of terrain and beauty. The entire region is pocketed with lakes and valleys.Divided into two separate cities, the old town of Jammu is located on a hilltop overlooking the river Tawi while the new town is situated across the river, several kilometers away.
Being near the Himalayas, the climate of the entire area is cold though summers are markedly warm. The temperatures range from 26.2 Degree Celsius to 4.3 Degree Ceisius in winters and from 43.0 Degree Celsius to 23.4 Degree Celsius during summers. The recommended clothing for winters would be heavy/medium woolens while light cottons would be the best for summers in Jammu. Summers in Jammu are a sweltering, uncomfortable contrast to the cool climates of Kashmir. However, from October onwards, it becomes quite pleasant.
Jammu region is home to several ethnic communities which follow traditional life-styles with distinctive cultures of their own.Dogras: The Dogras constitute the dominant group. They are mainly concentrated in the outer hill and outer plain zones covering Kathua, Udhampur and Jammu districts and the lower parts of Rajouri district. A martial community by tradition, their folklore centres on eulogies for war heroes, both legendary and historical. Even the region’s architectural heritage, comprising elaborate castles and hilltop fortifications that are visible everywhere, bespeak the community's long-drawn preoccupation with battles and ruling of distant lands. Yet the region’s history is not completely bereft of traditions of art and culture. Thus, while the troops fought battles in distant areas, the royalty and the nobility nurtured art and culture. The Pahari miniature paintings that have justly become famous throughout India, are the finest examples of their artistic achievements.