Allahabad is an important tourist destination in Uttar Pradesh, which is one of the oldest and most important pilgrimage centers of India. The city is frequented by tourists and pilgrims for its main attraction - Sangam, which is the merging point of three rivers Ganga, Yamuna and Saraswati.
Allahabad is one of oldest city in India with a glorious history that extends from vedic era to the Indian freedom movement. Allahabad is also famous among travellers for the Kumbh mela, which is the largest gathering in the world, with over 100 million taking a dip at Sangam in 2013. The Kumbh and Ardh Kumbh Melas are held here every twelve and six years respectively on the banks of the holy Sangam. It is believed that during Kumbh the water of the Ganges is transformed to nectar and washes away all sins of the devotees who come to Allahabad and take a bath in Ganges.
As per Hindu mythology, Lord Brahma performed 'Prakrishta Yagna' here and named the place as 'Tirth Raj,' which means the king of all pilgrimage sites.
There are many important pilgrimage and religious sites in Allahabad including Hanuman temple - with Lord Hanuman in reclining posture; Shankar Viman Mandapam; Alopi Devi temple - with no deity and only a doli being worshipped here; Bhardwaj Ashram - believed to be the place visited by Lord Ram, and All Saints' Cathedral - a 13th century Gothic style cathedral. There are also many historical buildings in the city that stand as example of the glorious past of this city. The major ones among these historical monuments are Allahabad fort - built of Akbar at the banks of Yamuna River, Anand Bhawan - ancestral home of Jawahar Lal Nehru.
Allahabad, originally known as Prayag, has references in Vedas and is believed to be the place where Lord Brahma attended a sacrifical ritual. Allahabad was under the rule of several empires including the Mauryan, Gupta, Kushan and Kannauj empires.
In the lates part of history, Allahabad became a part of Delhi Sultanate in the year 1193, and was later annexed by the Mughal empire. Mughal ruler, Akbar build a magnificent fort in here considering the strategic position of the city.
The city of Allahabad also faced various Maratha incursions before the city came under British rule. In the early 19th century, Allahabad became the nodal point of most of the activities of Indian National Congress. The city was also an important center of India's independence struggle starting from the Indian mutiny of 1857.