About Fatehgarh Sahib ji
Gurdwara Fatehgarh Sahib is a complex consisting of several important shrines or Gurdwaras linked to the younger sahibzadas (younger sons) of Guru Gobind Singh ji.
Location of Fatehgarh Sahib Ji
It is located about 5 km north of Sirhind (30°37'N, 76°23'E) in Punjab a district called Fatehgarh sahib.
Importance of Fatehfarh Sahib Ji
Gurudwara in Fatehgarh Sahib Ji marks the sad site of the execution in 1705 of the two younger sons of the tenth Sikh Guru Shri Gobind Singh Ji at the behest of Wazir Khan of Kunjpura, the faujdar of Sirhind.
About Gurudwara Bhora Sahib
Gurudwara Bhora Singh is the place where Sons of Guru Gobind singh ji ( Sahebzada Fateh Singh ji & Zorawar Singh ji) were bricked in. The main entrance to the Gurdwara complex was built by Maharaja Yadvindra Singh of Patiala in 1952. The historical wall, in which the younger sons of Guru Gobind Singh were bricked in, has been preserved in this Gurdwara. The sanctuary containing the historic wall in known as Gurdwara Bhora Sahib.
Gurdwara Burj Mata Gujri and Gurdwara Shahid Ganj are also located in the main complex of Gurdwara Fatehgarh Sahib. It was at the site of Gurdwara Burj Mata Gujri that the two younger sons Fateh Singh and Zorawar Singh of tenth Guru and the Guru's mother Mata Gujri were kept in confinement by Wazir Khan.
About Thanda Burj
The place were the three were confined is known as the `THANDA BURJ' (cold tower); it was built to provide a cool retreat from the summer's heat, it provided only chilling punishment to the Guru's sons and his mother during their imprisonment in the extreme cold weather. It was in the tower that Mata Gujri collapsed on hearing the news of the martyrdom of her grandsons. Later on, Gurdwara Mata Gujri was constructed at this location to honour Mata ji.
Gurudwara Jyoti Sarup
This Gurudwara is about 1 Km from Fatehgarh Sahib on Sirhind- Chandigarh road. It was at this place that the mortal remains of Mata Gujri, the mother of Guru Gobind Singh ji and his two younger sons, Fateh Singh and Zorawar Singh were cremated.
It is believed that Wazir Khan, the then Faujdar of Sirhind refused to allow the cremation of the bodies unless the land for the cremation was purchased by laying gold coins on it. Seth Todar Mal who was an ardent devotee of Guru Gobind Singh, purchased this place of land by offering gold coins as demanded.
Gurudwara Shaheed Ganj
It is situated just half a kilometer from Gurudwara Fatehgarh Sahib. It commemorates the martyrdom of those Sikhs who were killed by the tyrannical Mughals. It is believed that forty cartloads of heads of martyred Sikhs, were cremated at this site.
Other Attractions Near Fatehgarh Sahib Ji
About Dargah of Shaikh Ahmad Faruqi Sirhindi
On the Sirhind-Bassi Pathana Road, near Gurudwara Fatehgarh Sahib is the magnificent RAUZA OR DARGAH of Shaikh Ahmad Faruqi Sirhindi, popularly known as Mujaddid, Alf-Isfani who lived in the times of Akbar and Jahangir from 1563 to 1624.
Importance of Dargah of Shaikh Ahmad Faruqi Sirhindi
The Shaikh is held in high esteem and is considered by Sunni Muslims to be second to prophet Mohammed. For this reason, this mausoleum is regarded as a second Macca by the Sunni Muslims. Every year, thousands of pilgrims from various parts of India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Bangla Desh and other Muslim countries visit this place to participate in the celebrations, known as Urs of Shaikh Ahmad Sirhindi. The date of annual celebrations vary from year to year. Every year, these celebrations precede by ten days than the previous year. By the side of the Rauza are the tombs of the Afghan Ruler, Shah Zaman and his Queen.
Sirhind is also famous for renowned Mujaddad Alif Saani - Sheikh Ahmad Farooqi Sirhindi(Rh), great sufi saint a founder and repairer of Naqshbandi- Majaddaddi school of Sufiism and graceism. His and his sons Hz. Masoom Sahib's and various others mausoleums are in Fatehgarh sahib ji
Naqshbandi (an-Naqshbandiyyah, Nakşibendi, Naksibendi, Naksbandi) is one of the major Sufi spiritual orders (tariqa) of Sufi Islam.
The Naqshbandi order is the only Sufi order and way that claims to trace its direct spiritual lineage and chain (silsilah) to the Islamic prophet Muhammad, through Abu Bakr, the first caliph and Muhammad's companion. This lineage also indirectly connects to Ali, Muhammad's cousin, son-in-law and the Fourth Caliph, via Jafar as-Sadiq. In contrast, most other Sufi paths trace their lineage through Ali.
Tomb of Nabis at Bras
The tomb of Nabis is situated at a distance of 20 kms. from Fatehgarh Sahib headquaters . It is said that Sheikh Ahmad Faruqui Sirhindi Muzdad Alafsani came and offered his obesience here and said that thirteen Nabis (favourites of Allah) are buried here.
Importance of Tomb of Nabis at Bras
When the Excavation was done at the site, 11 human skeletons were found at the site. The grave of these 11 Nabis can still be seen today. This Mosque was constructed under the supervision of Dr. Nizamuddin of Malerkotla . The tomb is erected on a raised platform and the villagers have lot of respect for this place. For this reason there is no upper storey in the village and no one sleeps on the roof of his or her house. Devotees from China and Afghanistan also visit this place. People visiting the Rauza Sharif make it a point to visit Brass as well.
Das Nami Akhara
This religious place is situated very close to the Dargah of Baba Salar Pir. It commemorates the memory of Baba Hardit Giri who was a great saint. Annual congregations are held here for three days that is on the Friday, Saturday and Sunday after Dewali. On Monday, a grand BHANDARA is held. Preachers deliver religious sermons to the people. Janam Ashtmi and Shivratri are also celebrated here with great enthusiasm.Langar (free kitchen) is served to the people on both these occasions. A Sanskrit School is also being run by the Managing Committee of the Dera.
Mata Chakreshvri Devi Jain Temple
This ancient temple is believed to be 1000 years old and is situated in village Attewali on Sirhind-Chandigarh Road .
Legend of Mata Chakreshvri Devi Jain Temple
The legend has that during the times of Raja Prithvi Raj Chauhan, a large number of pilgrims from Rajasthan were going in bullock carts to the ancient Jain Temple of Kangra (situated still in Kangra Fort) to have the blessings of Lord Adi Nath. The pilgrims had also brought an idol of Mata Chakreshwari Devi, an ardent worshipper (known as Rakshak Devi or Lord Adinath) of Lord Adinath. On their way , the carvan halted for the night at the present site.
Next morning when the caravan was all set to move , the Rath (Chariot) carrying the idol of Mata Shri Chakreshwari Devi did not move inspite of the best efforts of the pilgrims. The devotees were at a loss to know the reason and were perplexed. Then all of a sudden, there was flood of light inside the Palki carrying the idol and there was an AKASHWANI `Let this be my place of Abode'.
The pilgrims said `Mother, this is all sandy area, there is no water, around here, we had a miserable night yesterday'. The voice replied, A few yards towards north of this place dig the land and you will get water'. To the astonishment of pilgrims, they just dug a few feet and a fountain of water started flowing . The pilgrims were very much pleased
and they installed the idol of Mata Chakreshwari Devi at this place and built a beautiful temple there. The pilgrims also settled here.
Fair at Mata Chakreshvri Devi Jain Temple
An annual function is held on 14th. Moon day of Assu, i.e. 4th day after day after Dussehra, which is attended by large number of devotees. The festival opens on the night of 13th Moon day and closes on PURANMASHI. The spiritual powers of Mata Chakreshwari Devi have been depicted very nicely on one of the walls of the temple through very fine glass work in a majestic style.
The fountain of water has been converted into a small well and big temple of Lord Adinath is under construction on this site. Even today, the water of this tank is held sacred by the devotees and they carry home to preserve the same considering it as sacred as water of Ganga. home to preserve the same considering it as sacred as water of Ganga.
Sant Namdev Temple at Bassi Pathana Sant Namdev,
an exponent of Bhakti Marg stayed here for a considerable period and preached Bhakti Marg (way to worship God) to the people of the area. He moved from this place to other towns of the Punjab for spreading his religious message. As this saint preceded the Sikh Gurus, 61 of his `Shaloks' have been included in Guru Granth Sahib. This place is now known as `Swami Namdev Ji Ka Dera'.
Later on , a magnificent temple was constructed on this place in 1925. A big fair is held here for three days on Basant Panchmi, when a large number of persons from various parts of Punjab and adjoining states visit the place.
Mosque of Sadhana Kasai at sirhind
This mosque is situated in the North-west of Sirhind-Ropar Railway Line just near level crossing. This historical monument is under the control of Archaeology Department. It is made of `Sirhindi Bricks' and its paintings are of `T' art. One `Shabad' of Sadhana Kasai had been incorporated in the holy Shri Guru Granth Sahib.
Haveli Todar Mal
The Haveli Todar Mal also known as Jahaz Haveli is situated on the Eastren side of Sirhind-Ropar Railway Line just 1 KM away from Fatehgarh Sahib. It is made of Sirhindi bricks.It is the Haveli where Diwan Todar Mal resided. Diwan Todar Mal in his life time paid the greatest tribute to Sikh community by purchasing piece of land at the substantial cost for the cremation of two younger Sahibzada's Baba Zorawar Singh & Baba Fateh Singh from the Mughal emperors. With this act he incurred the wrath of the ruling family.