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Mata Jawalaji Devi is considered among the 7 of the 51 Shaktipeeths in the world.It is situated in Jawalamukhi town in one of the most picturesque Kangra valley of lower Himalyas in Kangra district of Himachal Pradesh.It is mentioned in the Mahabharata and other scriptures.
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Jwalamukhi is a famous temple to the goddess Jwalamukhi, the deity of flaming mouth the manifestation of the Goddess. This is a sidhha peetha where Sati’s tongue fell. This is the only temple in India where there is no idol or pindi or linga to be worshipped. Instead there are 7 flames continuously burning for 1000s of years are worshipped.
The temple located on a small spur on the Himachal Devi Darshan Route enroute to Kangra and attracts hundreds of thousands of pilgrims every year. No idol is located in the temple and the deity is worshipped in the form of flames which come out from the crevices of the rock.Raja Bhumi Chand Katoch of Kangra, a great devotee of goddess Durga, dreamt of the sacred place and the Raja set people to find out the whereabouts of the site.
The site was traced and the Raja built a temple at that location.The building is modern with a gilt dome and pinnacles, and possesses a beautiful folding door of silver plates.
Sati's tongue is believed to have fallen at Jwalamukhi and the goddess is manifest as tiny flames that burn a flawless blue through fissures in the age old rock.
Jwalaji devi temple is a huge complex, with many hotels,bazars with shops The main gate of Jwalaji opposite bus stand is donated by Dogra Regiment.
Temple houses, a huge brass bell presented by the King of Nepal. Temple also has Gold umbrella (Chatra) offered by Emperor Akbar. The Mughal Emperor Akbar, on learning about the legends of Jwalamukhi, tried to douse the flames with a stream of water but could not succeed in doing so. Out of reverence, Akbar offered a Gold umbrella (Chatra) to the Goddess, but the umbrella turned into an unknown metal suggesting that the Goddess did not accept his offering.
Maharaja Ranjit Singh paid a visit to the temple in 1815 and the dome of the temple was gold-plated by him.
Just a few feet above the Jwalamukhi temple there is a six-feet deep pit with a circumference of about three-feet. At the bottom of this pit there is another small pit about one and a half feet deep with hot water bubbling all the time.Usually milk and water are offered and the ahutis or oblations are offered to the sacred flames in the pit, situated in the centre of the temple in between the floor pillars supporting the roof.
Akbar tried to extinguish the Holy flames first by bringing a rivulet from uphill, but the flames kept burning above the water. Then he tried to fix iron plates on the flames to kill them, but the flames melted the iron and came out of iron plates.
Jwalaji is the sidha peetha of Mother Dhumavati, one of the 10 Mahavidyas. 10 Mahavidyas hold supreme place in Tantra philosophy. She is ugly, causes death of children, loss of money, brings sorrows, pains and illness…. just opposite Laxmi. No one literally worships her and people are afraid of her demonic figure. But Mother Dhumavati is very kind and compassionate. Anyone worshipping her with devotion and love gets the boon – I Dhumavati will never visit your family… means the Bhakta is free from poverty, child death and sufferings and remains happy in life.
Guru Gorakhnath was so powerful in his tapasya that Mother appeared before him and asked for a boon. Guru Gorakhnath asked her to give him khichri. With Jwalaji’s power the cold water started boiling and Guruji asked mother to wait for him till he comes back. After this Guru left Jwalaji and never returned… so that Shakti remains there as per her promise.
Gorakh Tibbi (wrongly spoken as Dibbi) is the place where that cold water is boiling. A Nath sadhu will show the small pit where water is boiling and is cold. This is due to the fact that gas is bubbling out from the water and it looks like boiling. Then the Nath Sadhu will put a burning flame on the surface of water and with a booom, the blue flame comes out of water and goes upto roof
Goddess Sati, first wife of Lord Shiva was the youngest daughter of the Prajapati Raja Daksh , the Raja of Kankhal, near modern day Haridwar. She was ardent devotee of Lord Shiva.The divine safe Narada meets Satjii and so praises Lord Shiva that she resolves to have no other husband. He advises her that Shiva is not the sort of person to be impressed by her astonishing beauty and that devotion and the austerities are the way to his heart.So rigorous were her penances that she gradually gave up food and lived on only one‘bilva per day’. At last her austerities bore fruit and Lord Shiva, who was a born recluse decided to accept her in marriage..
However Raja Daksh was totally against Lord Shiva as husband for his beloved daughter. Lord Shiva with snakes round his neck and smeared with ashes from the Chitah was never a son-in-law for him and Raja Daksh swore that he will never allow his daughter to marry him. But, Satiji was adamant and refused all other marriage proposals. She told Lord Shiva to take her father’s permission first for marriage. Lord Shiva knew that Daksha would never agree , however since she was insistent he caught hold of her hand and took her to her father’s court. As expected , Raja Daksh opposed the union . Sati went to live with Lord Shiva in Kailah Parbat, Raja Daksh severed all family ties with her.
Once Raja Daksh celebrated Brihaspati Yajna and invited all the gods but did not invite his Son-in-law Lord Shiva and Satiji his daughter. Satiji wanted to attend that Yajna and meet her nears and dears as well . She requested Shiva, but since they were not invited ,Lord Shiva refused to go but on her consistent persuasion he let her go with a guide.
Satiji was greeted very coldly and was not given any respect by her father. There was no place and offerings kept for her Swami. Raja Daksha spew venom against Shiva,criticized and cursed him. Not able to tolerate her husband Lord Shiva’s insult,she self immolated in Yajna herself.
At that time an ethereal voice declared that Raja Daksh’s sacrifice was doomed. “Since Satiji, the mother of the universe and LordShiva, the father of the universe, were not propitiated by you, misfortune shall befall you!”
Other devtaganas went to Lord Shiva and apprised him of the happenings which resulted in his beloved’s death at the Yajna.He got very furious, threw one of his braids on the rock. With this Virbhadra was created, the gigantic figure with thousand arms,decked with snakes,burning eyes and who wore a garland of skulls. Shiva ordered him to go to Raja Daksh’s palace and destroy the entire sacrifice. Virbhadra devastated the Yajnashala,severed Daksh’s head and threw it in to the fire.
Fearing the worst,Brahmaji and Vishnuji went to Kailash Parbat and requested Lord Shiva to allow Raja Daksh to complete the sacrifice which was meant for the well being of the world. Shiva relented but since Daksha’s head was no more, he asked them to fix the head of a goat on his trunk and allow him to complete the sacrifice.
Lord Shiva was filled with agony at the death of his beloved, Satiji. He went to the yajnashala at Kankhal and picked up her remains, started wandering over the whole world repeating the steps of the tandava Nritya, the celestial dance of destruction. The other Gods requested Vishnu to intervene to stop this destruction, towards which Vishnu used the Sudarshan Chakra which cut through the corpse ofSatiji,limb by limb. Those fifty-one places where Sati’s limbs had fallen came to be known as Shakti Peethas, where the power of the divine mother is most keenly felt.
It is here at Jwalaji that Sati's tongue fell which can now be seen in the form of the flame. The flames come out from nine different rocks in the temple.
After years, one day Raja Bhumi Chand Katoch, a resident of Kangra and a great devotee of Goddess Durga, dreamt of the holy place. sent people to find out the whereabouts of the site.After some duration Raja was told by a cowherd that he sighted a bright flame near a mountain. The flame was burning continuously.
The emperor visited the place and constructed a temple in the midst of forests. He brought two holy Brahmans of 'Bhojak' caste for daily worship in the temple. The names of the two Brahmins were Pt. Shri Dhar and Pt. Kamla-Pati. The progeny of the Bhojak brahmins are still commanding the rights of worship in holy Jwala Devi temple. As per Maha-Bharat the five Pandava brothers (Yudhishtir, Bhim, Arjun, Nakul, Sahdev) visited the holy temple and reconstructed the old and dilapidated temple. The below given devotional song is related to this incident.
"Panja Pandava Teza Bhavan Banaya, Arjun Ne Chanvar Dulaya".
However, the construction of this temple was completed in the 19th century, when Maharaja Ranjit Singh and his son, Kharak Singh, gave the Gold and Silver for the dome and door respectively.
Once Dhyanu Bhagat(Jwala ji Mata's ardent Devotee) was passing through Delhi with a group of pilgrims on their way to Jwalaji. Akbar summoned him to his court to inquire .Dhyanu Bhagat told him She is very powerful and answers the prayers of Her devotees.
Akbar cut off the head of Dhyanu's horse ordering him to have the Goddess put it back. Dhyanu went to Jwalaji and prayed day and night to no avail. Out of desperation he severed his own head and offered it to Devi Mata. She then appeared to him , She reconnected both his head and that of the horse. Devi Mata also offered Dhyanu Bhagat a boon. He requested that it should not be so difficult for pilgrims to show their devotion. Mata said that in the future if someone offered a coconut she would accept it as if they had offered their own head. To this day people continue to offer coconuts to the Goddess in Her temples all over the world.
To test Jwala Mata ji's power he tried to douse the flames with a stream of water. The great power of the Goddess, still kept the flames burning. Realizing the power of Jwala Devi, Akbar came with his army to this temple. He brought a Gold umbrella (Sonne ka Chhatar) for the Jwala Mata, but on offering, the umbrella turned into an unknown metal suggesting that the Mata didn't accept .
This Chhatar is still lying in the temple premesis.
In Jwalaji Devi Temple at Jwalamukhi, Five Aartis are performed by temple Pujaris daily at Mata Jwalaji temple.One aarti is performed in Brahma Mahurat , one at sun rise about one hour after the first one, one at mid noon, one in the evening and one at the bed time of the Goddess.
1. Shringar Aarti:-
Performed in Brahma Mahurat Kaal,the timing is around 04:30 AM in the summers and 05:00 AM in Winters. Prasad of Malpua(Indian Pancake),Khoaa/Maawa(made of either dried whole milk or milk thickened by heating in an open iron pan) and Misri(Rock Sugar) is offered to Maa Jawalaji.
2. Mangal Aarti:-
Performed around half an hour after the First Aarti, peele chawal (yellow rice) and Dahi(Yogurt) is offered is offered to Maa Jwalaji.
3. Madhayayan Kaal Aarti:-
This Aarti is Performed around Noon . Rice,Six Kind of Different Pulses and Sweets are Offered to Maa Jwalaji.
4. Evening or Saayen kaal Aarti:-
Performed in the Evenings, Halwa(Indian Sweet made of Flour) Poori and chanaa is offered to Mata Jwalaji.
5. Shaiyan Ki Aarti :-
It is the bedtime aarti of Maa Jwalaji, before the pandits offer the last prayers in the late evening and prepare Maa's bed to sleep. The bed of Goddess is decked up with rich dresses and ornaments during aarti. First part of it is done in the main temple of Goddess and the second part is done in the 'Seja bhavan' . Pandits/Pujaris recite Salokas from Shri Shakracharya's 'Soundarya Lahari' .
It is a temple dedicated to Lord Shiva. Known as Unmat Bhairav. It is believed that where ever Sati Mata's limbs fell, Lord Shiva always has a presence there. Sati mata is also called Amba ji and Lord shiva is also called mahadev eshwar. That is why mandir is called Ambikeshwar Mahadev.
Very old temple, at this place a Shivling was brought from Nepal and its Sthapana was done. On all sides of temple there are idols(Murtis) of 24 devi devtas.
Built by Pandavas, the temple has Ashtadhatu Idols of Lord Rama, Laxman and Sitaji family. After 1905 Kangra Earthquake, this temple with about 70 feet tomb got tilted towards one side but did not fall due to Mata's blessings and is still standing.
There are natural water ponds(Jal Kund) here , it is believed that to test Jwala Mata King Akbar made Kachhi Nahars or channels to take this water to douse the powerful Jwala mata's Pious flames but had to accept defeat. The remains of Kachhi Nahar are still here.
Located in east of Main Jwalaji temple at some height, one has to climb around 50 steps to reach here.Main attraction of this temple is presence of Idols of Navgraha deities in front of it.
This temple is dedicated to Bhairav Babaji . Everyday twice, morning and evening Puja is performed at the temple. Bhaktas(Devotees) come here to Seek bhairav baba's blessings and offer Meat and Liquor when their wishes are fulfilled.
A big Ganesh ji idol is present in this old temple.
This temple is located around 1 km in the west of main temple and houses stone image of ashtbhuja Mata(Eight armed goddess).
It is said that at this place Guru Gorakhnathji worshipped Shakti ma.Impressed with this, Jwala mataji gave him darshan and offered him food. But Guru Gorakhnathji insisted for eating Khichdi( Rice and Lentil combinaton) and asked mata to boil water till the time he goes and gets rice and lentil in Bhiksha.Mata boiled the water in Rudra Kund but it did not get warm. One can see the water boiling but it is never warm.
At some driving distance from Jwalamukhi town this Lord Shiva temple is located near Naduan. There is a small Shivling(Phallus) at the entrance.In the sanctum sanctorum, a four faced marble idol of Lord Shiva is present.The temple has four doors of which 3 are closed permanently.
Though not much details available , these temples are situated on Beas river bank are related to Pandavas during their exile.
One of the ancient Baglamukhi mata mandir, it is situated enroute to Kangra from Jwalamukhi Devi . Baglamukhi Puja is performed according to Tantrik and Vedic ritual,for winning court cases ,defeat enemies and remove any problem of life. It not only decreases the power of the enemy, but also creates an atmosphere where they become helpless.
The Abhimantrit Bagalamukhi Yantra is also used for the same purpose. It protects the person from enemies and evils. Bagalamukhi mata is also known as Pitambara Maa.
As advised by Locals and Pandits, one should not carry the Prasad from Chintpurni Mata temple to Maa Jwalaji Devi temple if one has visited Chintpurni Temple before Jwalaji Devi .
Nearest airport to Jwalaji devi is at Gaggal, 50km away, Other Major airport near to Jwalaji devi is Chandigarh airport is 200KM. Holidaytravel International provides the taxi facility from above mentioned airports to jwalaji temple.
•Himachal Express - Delhi to Una Himachal - 14553
Departure at 22:45 from Delhi and Arrival time in Una Himachal at 07:50AM (everyday)
•Jan Shatabdi - NewDelhi to Una Himachal -12057 -
Departure at 14:35 from New Delhi and Arrival time in Una Himachal at 22:10 PM (everyday)
**Nearest Narrow Guage Railway Station is Ranital which is about 20 kms away
Run by Himachal Tourism Development Corporation HPTDC, Hotel Jwalaji is one of the best deluxe hotels in Jwalamukhi. Hotel Jwalaji is about 360m from the holy shrine and 100m from the nearest bus station. It has modern rooms and is quiet convenient and reasonable to stay in.
Apart from this there are a number of budget hotels, Dharamsala and Sarai near by where one can get the rooms at affordable charges.
In the winter season, the climate is cold and woolens are, therefore, recommended. However, in the summer season, the temperature is quite hot and cotton clothes are recommended.
The most convenient and relaxing way to travel to Mata Jawalaji from Delhi is to catch a train from New Delhi Railway Station and reach Una Himachal, the only broadgauge Railway Station in Himachal . Mata Jawalaji is around 85 Km from Una and for onwards journey one can hire Taxi or board a bus from here.
HolidayTravel International (Government Approved Travel Agency) can plan your itinerary, we can book railway tickets, provide Fully Insured Taxi service with our Hill Expert, Well Mannered drivers (Best Suitable for families) and do advance booking in Hotels at most cheapest reasonable prices for stay.
Meenakhi Hotel Jawalaji Holiday Honeymoon Package
Hotel Meenakshi is 500 mtr away from Bus Stand towards Chintpurni road. Hotel Meenakshi starts its services since August 2007 and..
Price : Rs. 2500/-Per day(Breakfast+ Dinner)