Garib Nawaz Journey To India - Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti Dargah Ajmer , Rajasthan Tourist Guide , Rajasthan Tourism - Holiday Travel

Garib Nawaz Journey To India

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Garib Nawaz Journey to India

Moinuddin Chishti turned towards India, reputedly after a dream in which Prophet Muhammad blessed him to do so. After a brief stay at Lahore, he reached Ajmer along with Sultan Shahab-ud-Din Muhammad Ghori, and settled down there. In Ajmer, he attracted a substantial following, acquiring a great deal of respect amongst the residents of the city. Moinuddin Chishti practiced the Sufi Sulh-e-Kul (peace to all) concept to promote understanding between Muslims and non-Muslims.



Early life and background of Khwaja Moinuddin Chisti


Moinuddin Chishti is said to have been born in 536 A.H./1141 CE, in Chishti in Sistan region of East Persia ( Iran). He was a student of Imam Ja'far a?-?adiq. He grew up in Persia. His parents died when he was fifteen years old. He inherited a windmill and an orchard from his father. During his childhood, young Moinuddin was different from others and kept himself busy in prayers and meditation. Legend has it that once when he was watering his plants, a revered Sufi, Shaikh Ibrahim Qunduzi (or Kunduzi) -- the name deriving from his birthplace, Kunduz in Afghanistan—came to his orchard. Young Moinuddin approached him and offered him some fruits. In return, Sheikh Ibrahim Qunduzi gave him a piece of bread and asked him to eat it. The Khwaja got enlightened and found himself in a strange world after eating the bread. After this he disposed of his property and other belongings and distributed the money to the poor. He renounced the world and left for Bukhara in search of knowledge and higher education.

He became the Murid (disciple) of Usman Harooni.

Moinuddin Chishti visited the seminaries of Samarkand and Bukhara and acquired religious learning from the eminent scholars of his age. He visited nearly all the great centers of Muslim culture, and acquainted himself with almost every important trend in Muslim religious life in the Middle Ages. He became a disciple of the Chishti saint 'Uthman Haruni. They travelled the Middle East extensively together, including visits to Mecca and Medina.

Garib Nawaz Journey to India

Moinuddin Chishti turned towards India, reputedly after a dream in which Prophet Muhammad blessed him to do so. After a brief stay at Lahore, he reached Ajmer along with Sultan Shahab-ud-Din Muhammad Ghori, and settled down there. In Ajmer, he attracted a substantial following, acquiring a great deal of respect amongst the residents of the city. Moinuddin Chishti practiced the Sufi Sulh-e-Kul (peace to all) concept to promote understanding between Muslims and non-Muslims.

Establishing the Chishti order in India

The Chishti order was founded by Abu Ishaq Shami (“the Syrian”) in Chisht, some 95 miles east of Herat in present-day western Afghanistan.Moinuddin Chishti established the order in India, in the city of Ajmer in North India.

Moinuddin Chishti apparently never wrote down his teachings in the form of a book, nor did his immediate disciples, but the central principles that became characteristics of the Chishti order in India are based on his teachings and practices. They lay stress on following :-


Moinuddin chishti teachings

1. Reenunciation of material goods.
2. Strict regime of self-discipline and personal prayer
3. Participation in Sama' as a legitimate means to spiritual transformation.
4. Reliance on either cultivation or unsolicited offerings as means of basic subsistence
5. Independence from rulers and the state, including rejection of monetary and land grants
6. Generosity to others, particularly, through sharing of food and wealth,
7. Tolerance and respect for religious differences

Moinuddin Chishti , in other words, interpreted religion in terms of human service and exhorted his disciples "to develop river-like generosity, sun-like affection and earth-like hospitality." The highest form of devotion, according to him, was "to redress the misery of those in distress – to fulfill the needs of the helpless and to feed the hungry."

Ajmer Sharif dargah - The Mother of All dargah


Among Qutbuddin Baktiyar's prominent disciples was Fariduddin Ganj-i-Shakar (d. 1265), whose dargah is at Pakpattan, Pakistan.Fariduddin's most famous disciple was Nizamuddin Auliya' (d. 1325) popularly referred to as Mahbub-e-Ilahi (God's beloved), whose dargah is located in South Delhi. From Delhi, disciples branched out to establish dargahs in several regions of South Asia, from Sindh in the west to Bengal in the east, and the Deccan in the south. But from all the network of Chishti dargahs the Ajmer dargah took on the special distinction of being the 'mother' dargah of them all.



Moinuddin chishti tomb

The dargah (shrine) of Chisti, known as Dargah Sharif or Ajmer Sharif is an international wakf (endowment), managed under the 'Dargah Khwaja Saheb Act, 1955' of Government of India. The Dargah Committee, appointed by the Government, manages donations, takes care of the maintenance of the shrine, and runs charitable institutions like dispensaries, and guest houses for the devotees.The dargah, which is visited by Muslim pilgrims as well as Hindus and Sikhs as a symbol of intercommunal harmony.


Moinuddin Chishti's Poetry
Moinuddin Chishti quotes


His poetry in praise of Imam Hussein ibn Ali is well known, specially the following verse:

Shah Ast Hussein Badshah Ast Hussein
Ruler is Hussain, Emperor is Hussain
Deen Ast Hussein Deen Panah Ast Hussein
Faith is Hussain , guardian of faith is Hussain
Sar dad na daad dast dar dast e yazeed
Offered his head and not the hand to Yazid
Haqaaq e Binaa e Laa iLaha Ast Hussein
Indeed, Hussain is the foundation of La-ilah (the declaration that none but God is Absolute and Almighty)

Sufis of the Chishti order

Moinuddin Chishti had more than one thousand khalifas and hundreds of thousands of disciples. Sufis of different orders became his disciples and took ijazah from him. Among the famous Sufis who trace their lineage to him are as below:

  • Qutbuddin Bakhtiyar Kaki,
  • Fariduddin Mas'ud,
  • Nizamuddin Auliya',
  • Amir Khusrau,
  • Nasiruddin Chiragh Dehlavi,
  • Muhammad Hussain-i Gisudaraz Bandanawaz,
  • Ashraf Jahangir Simnani and A?a' Hussain Fani.
  • Ruknuddin Muhammad Farrukh Chishti (Present Sajjada Nashin)

Today, hundreds of thousands of people – Muslims, Hindus and others, from the Indian sub-continent, and from other parts of the world – assemble at his tomb on the occasion of his 'urs (death anniversary).

Akhbari Mosque
Between Shahjahani gate and Buland Darwaza on the right hand side is situated the Akbari Mosque erected by Akbar with red sand stone, A religious institution (madarsa) has been located in this mosque called Darul-uloom.

Nizam Gate
Mir Osman Ali Khan, The Nizam of Hyderabad Deccan, erected the main gate of the Dargah Sharif in 1911. Upstairs small drums beat, during the day and night at an appointed hour. A view of Dargah Bazaar can be seen from the top of the gate.

Shahjahani Gate
Immediately following the Nizam gate is the Shahjahani gate erected by Emperor Shahjahan. Before the construction of the Nizam Gate this used to be the main gate. Above the gate the Kalma Sharif is inscribed in a beautiful style. The doors are made of fine timber covered with silver-plated metal. In the building above the gate there are two huge beating drums.

Buland Darwaza
Buland Darwaza is a high entrance that was erected by Mahmood Khilji or one of his successors. Before the commencement of Urs Sharif a flag is hoisted on top of this gate with grand ceremony on the 25th Jamadiulsaani for ushering the 'Urs' of Khwaja Saheb, which starts from 1st of Rajab (The 7th month of lunar Calendar).

Janati Darwaza

This gate too is situated on the western side of the Shrine adjacent to the tomb of Gaiti Ara. The doors of the gate are covered with silver metal. It is opened only four times during the year, viz twice on ids (for one day) during the annual Urs (for six days) and on the 6th of Shawwal, the Urs of Khwaja Saheb's Pir.

Mausoleum and Begami Daalaan
Overhanging the principal eastern to the Shrine or Mausoleum, there is a handsome porch known as Begami Daalaan which was built in 1643 AD by Princess Jahan Ara Begam, the favorite daughter of Emperor Shah Jahan. The walls and the beautiful marble pillars of the Begami Daalaan were done in colorful gold in 1888 AD. Later on, the ceiling of this Daalaan was also embellished in gold with the money donated by a Muslim merchant of Bombay. This beautiful portico was used by the Begams or ladies of the Moghul harem during their frequent visits to the shrine.

Victoria Tank(Hauz)
In memory of Queen Mary's visit to the Shrine, the roof of the tank was constructed by the British Government for the convenience of the worshippers.


Mazar Of Khwaja Sahib's Daughter
The Mazar of Bibi Hafiz Jamal, daughter of Khwaja Sahib, is situated to the south of the Shrine. There is a small dome with a kalas on top of it. The doors of this tomb are plated with silver.The two enclosures situated just outside the southern gate of the Shrine adjacent to the tomb of Bibi-Hafiz Jamal bear the graves of some of the early descendants. The Holy Quran is recited by the devotees especially by ladies in these enclosures and the reward of this virtuous action is offered to the noble soul of Hazrat Khwaja Saheb.


The Shrine
There are two simultaneous entrances to the Shrine through the Begami Daalaan. The doors of both of them are mounted with heavy silverplate carved in ornamental details. The tomb is of white marble inlaid with pieces of precious stones and is daily bestrewed with sandal-paste and Itars (perfumes). It is always covered with very costly ‘ghilaafs’ (coverings made of velvet and silk) embroidered with pleasing gold and silver tracings. Over the tomb, there is a silver ‘chaparkhat’ (canopy) inlaid with pieces of mother-of-pearl presented by Emperor Jahangir. Between the four poles supporting this `chaparkhat’, there is silver `katehra’ (railing) with an arch towards the south. There is another outer silver katehra running around the tomb at a distance of about 2 feet. The devotees are led into this space to offer flowers and prayers over the tomb. The ceiling of the dome is covered by a costly velvet chatgiri. A peculiar kind of fascinating aroma prevails in the shrine which inspires the visitors with a spontaneous and irresistible urge for devotion and homage towards the asleep saint. As soon as one enters the interior of the shrine, he feels as if he is in the presence of some exalted soul or mighty spiritual king.


Mahfil Khana
On the west of the Saham Chiragh stands the magnificent building of Samakhana or Mahfilkhana (auditorium with darbar hall) which was built by Nawab Bashir-ud-Dowla Sir Asmaan Jah of Hyderabad Deccan in 1888-91 A.D. This spacious hall is 46 feet square with a gallery of 14 feet running around it. It is used for 6 days only during the annual Urs for religious ‘Mahfils’ in which Qawwali is the chief item of program commencing at 11 P.M. and ending with Fatiha (a religious ceremony) in the early hours of morning at 4 A.M.


Jama Masjid
On the south wing of the Mahfil khana stands the Jama Masjid or Shah Jahani Mosque, which is a fine piece of Moghul architecture. All the 99 sacred names of Allah with 33 Quranic verses are beautifully inscribed in the mosque.

About Islam


If one want to under stand the life history, teachings, mission, message of HUZOOR GHARIB NAWAZ (R.A) which spreaded the message of universal brother hood and peace in India it is very necessary to know something about ISLAM and SUFISM which is the essence of ISLAM so the beginning of this WEB SITE deals with the subject on ISLAM and SUFISM. The Arabic word ISLAM means Peace, Submission and Obedience .the religion of ISLAM is the complete acceptance of the teachings and guidance of god as reveled to his PROPHET MOHAMMAD (S.A.W) A Muslim is one who believes in ALLAH and strives for total reorganization of his life according to his revealed guidance and the sayings of the PROPHET MOHAMMAD (S.A.W). He also works for building human society on the same basics. ISLAM gives the message of peace, brother hood, love and serving the mankind .if we break up the word ISLAM we will find
I = I



From the Oasis cities of MAKKAH and MADINA in the Arabian Desert, the message of ISLAM went forth with electrifying speed. Within half century ISLAM had spread to three continents. A fallacious charge is frequently brought against ISLAM that it was forced at the point of sword, although the true fact is otherwise. ISLAM is not the religion of Sword nor did it spread primarily by means of war .it spreaded because of the appeal of new religion. It was the faith in one god and emphasis upon his mercy that brought vast numbers of people into the fold of ISLAM .the new religion did not coerce people to convert. Many continued to remain same of there own religion to which they belonged and if we look we will find that different communities are living in Muslim lands.

Moreover the spread of ISLAM was not limited to its miraculous early expansion outside of ARABIA. During later centuries the Turks embraced ISLAM peacefully, as did a large number of the people of the Indian continent and the Malay-speaking world. In Africa also, ISLAM has spread during the past two centuries even under the mighty power of European colonial rulers. today also ISLAM continues to grow not only in AFRICA but also in Europe, America and in different parts of world where Muslim now comprise a notable majority.



ISLAM provides definite guidelines for all peoples to follow in all walks of life . the guidance it gives is comprehensive and includes the social , economic , political , moral , and spiritual aspect of life . The QURAN reminds man of the purpose of life on earth , of his duties and obligation towards himself , his kith and kin , his community , his fellow human beings and his creator . man is given fundamental guidelines about a purposeful life and then he is left with the challenge of human existence before him so that he might put these high ideals into practice . In ISLAM , mans life is a wholesome , integrated unit and not a collection of fragment , competitive parts of man :they are united in the nature of being human .


Islam is a religion based upon knowledge for it is ultimately of the oneness of GOD combined with faith and total commitment to him that saves man . the text of the QURAN is replete with verses inviting man to use his intellect , to ponder , to think and to know for the goal of human life is to discover the truth which is none other than worshipping GOD in his oneness . The Hadith literature is also full of reference to the importance of knowledge . such saying of PROPHET (S.A.W) "as seek knowledge even in china" , "seek knowledge from the cradle to grave" , and verily the men of knowledge are the inheritors of PROPHET (S.A.W)" , have echoed through the history of ISLAM and incited Muslim to seek knowledge whenever it might be found . during most of its history , Islamic civilization has been witness to a veritable celebration of knowledge . That is why the scholars have been held in the highest esteem in Islamic society.

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