The city of Vijayanagara was originally encompassed by seven lines of fortifications. These fortifications had a large number of bastions & gateways. The seventh & the innermost fortification enclosed the main city & is the best preserved.Most of the monuments at Hampi are from the Vijayanagara period, a small proportion may be assigned to pre-Vijayanagara times. The Jain temples on Hemakuta hill, the two Devi shrines & some other structures in the Virupaksha temple complex predate the Vijanagara empire. The earliest amongst them, the Shaiva shrines with their stepped pyramidal vimanas or superstructures, date to the later Chalukyan period around ninth-tenth century AD.
The emperor Ashoka's minor rock edicts in Nittur & Udegolan (both in Bellary district) leads one to believe that this region was within the Ashokan kingdom during the 3rd century BC. A Brahmi inscription & a terracotta seal dating to the 2nd century AD were also discovered from the excavation site.
Hampi formed one of the core areas of the capital of the Vijayanagara Empire from 1343 to 1565, when it was finally laid siege to by the Deccan Muslim confederacy. Hampi was chosen because of its strategic location, bounded by the torrential Tungabhadra river on one side and surrounded by defensible hills on the other three sides.
The site is significant historically and architecturally. The topography abounds with large stones which have been used to make statues of Hindu deities. The Archaeological Survey of India continues to conduct excavations in the area, to discover additional artifacts and temples.
Hampi By Train
Nearest railhead is Hospet, which is nearly 13 km from Hampi. Taxi cab will charge nearly Rs 200 from Hospet to Hampi. Hospet is well connected to Bangalore (Hampi Exp), Hyderabad (kop Hyb Exp) and other major cities in Karnataka and neighboring states.
Hampi By Air
Bellary is the nearest domestic airport, which is about 60 km away and Bangalore is the nearest international Airport, which is 350 km away. Taxi cab costs about Rs 1,200 from Bellary to Hampi and Rs 6,000 from Bangalore to Hampi. Bellary air terminal is connected to Bangalore airport which is well connected to almost all airports in India. International flights to major foreign cities like Singapore, London, Malaysia etc are also operated from Bangalore.
Hampi By Bus
Hampi is well connected by KSRTC bus services with all nearby cities. There are many private bus providers operating from Bangalore (Rs 1,100), Gokarna (Rs 1,000) and many places in Goa (Rs 1200) to Hampi.
Best Time to Visit Hampi
The best times to visit Hampi are the month of October - November. October is festival season when the entire country celebrates the festival of Dassehra commemorating the victory of Ram over Ravana, good over evil, as told in the epic Ramayana. The weather is also cool and a gentle breeze sweeps the countryside. November has the annual Hampi Festival to offer.
Places to visit In Hampi Village
The largest enclosure in Hampi, the King's palace includes two major platform structures, an underground chamber which must have served as a treasury or private audience hall, several minor platforms and double fortification walls, besides other interesting architectural elements.
Dedicated to Lord Shiva and his consort Pampadevi, this is the only temple here that is still used for worship. Parts of the temple predate the Vijayanagara empire. The temple, with its nine storied gopuram, towers above the other structures at Hampi. The ceiling of the Ranga Mantapa is beautifully painted with scenes from the epics and Puranas.
Two Ganesha images(Sasuvekalu and Kadalekalu) can be seen on the slopes of the Hemakuta Hill. One of them is enclosed in a temple with unusally tall pillars, while the other is in an open hall.
The awesome 6.7 meters high monolith depicting the man-lion form of Vishnu is seated on a seven hooded serpent.
Located next to the Lakshminarasimha statue, the Badavilinga is 3 meter high and stands permanently in water that flows through an ancient channel.
Vijaya Vithala Temple
The Vijaya Vithala Temple is Hampi's crowning glory, with a magnificent stone chariot standing temple courtyard. Equally impressive is the large Ranga Mantapa with 56 musical pillars that resound with musical chimes when struck.
An imposing edifice with arched entrances and many domes that once housed the magnificent state elephants.
The stepped water tank, excavated in the mid 1980's, was originally a part of the palace complex. Almost lyrical in its beauty, the tank is a tiered structure crafted from rectangular pieces of granite.
This visually appealing strucutre has two levels, with open pavilions at the bottom and balconies above. Highlighting the fusion of the Hindu and Muslim styles of architecture, the Mahal derives its name from its beautiful, geometrically arranged cusped arches that resemble the petals of the lotus opening to the sun.
Hazara Rama Temple
The royal temple reserved for ceremonial use, the Hazara Rama Temple is embellished with bass reliefs depicting scenes from the epic, Ramayana. The walls of the enclosure are richly carved with friezes depicting processions of horses, elephants, dancing girls and soldiers attired in splendid armour. Inside, four exquisitely sculpted granite pillars add to the beauty of the Ardha Mantapa.
Equally impressive is the massive Mahanavami Dibba, where the kings of the Vijayanagara Empire once sat upon their gem studded golden throne and watched processions pass by. The structure is also embellished with densely carved bands of horses, soldiers ans depictions of various aspects of courtly life.
Though the exterior may appear simple, the interior is stunningly ornate, with graceful arched corridors, projecting balconies and lotus shaped fountains that once spouted perfumed water for the ladies of the court.
Goa – Badami – Anegundi & Hampi: 3 Nights / 4 Days Goa to Goa Transfers 3 Nights accommodation with breakfast 4 Days
Day 1: Arrive to Badami
Day 1 – Pick up from Goa @ 7.00 AM arrive to Badami, check in to Hotel- evening Badami Caves (Cave Temples) sightseeing – halt in Badami
Day 2: Aihole & Anegundi
Day 2 – After breakfast check out- move to sightseeing for Banashankari, Pattadakal, Mahakoota and Aihole and en route to Hospet - Anegundi sightseeing - Gagan Palace, Chintamani, Ranganath Temple, Jain’s Temple, Huchappayana Mat, Durga Temple, Fort, Pampa Sarovar Laxmi Temple (Lake),, evening arrive to Hospet – halt in Hospet
Day 3: Hampi
Day 3 – After breakfast move to Hampi - Virupaksha Temple, Hampi Bazaar, Kodanda Rama temple, Achutaraya temple, Yantroddaraka, chakra thirta, Purandara Mantap, old bridge, King Balance, Vittal Temple, Stone chariot, Musical Pillars, Vittal bazaar, Lotus Mahal, Watch tower, Elephant Stable, Guards Barrat, underground temple, Pattabirama temple, Bheema gate, Ganagitthi Jain Temple, Queens Bath, Mahanavami Dibba, Aqueduct, Pushkarni, Secret Chamber, King Audience Hall, public bath, Hazara Ram
Day 4: Departure to Goa
Day 4: After breakfast Departure from Hampi and arrive to Goa drop to Hotel – Tour end