Rajkot is the 4th largest city in the state of Gujarat, India. Rajkot is the 28th urban agglomeration in India, with a population more than 1.43 million as on 2008. Rajkot is ranked 22nd in The world's fastest growing cities and urban areas.Rajkot is a city of Gujarat state in India and administrative headquarters of the Rajkot District, located on the banks of the Aji River and Nyari River. Rajkot was the capital of the then Saurashtra state from 15 April 1948 to 31 October 1956 before merging in bilingual Bombay State on 1 November 1956. Rajkot was merged into Gujarat State from bilingual Bombay state on May 1, 1960.
Rajkot is situated in the middle of Saurashtra. Sea about 200 km away but there is hot summer in the city with temperature more than 40 to 45 degree Celsius some times. In the winter temperature is almost between 10 to 20 degree Celsius. Except some occasions, winter is generally pleasant but summer may be some times terrific. Rain season starts around 20th to 30th June and ends almost in October.
Rajkot has a tropical wet and dry climate, with hot, dry summers from mid-March to mid-June, the wet monsoon season from mid-June to October, when the city receives 620 mm of rain on average. The months from November to February are mild, the average temperature being around 20°C, with low humidity.
History Of RAJKOT CITY
History of Rajkot is about 400 year old. Rajkot state was established by Jadeja family of Jamnagar state after separation before years. During British rule, Carnal Catties has established Rajkumar College in 1871 to made available Cambridge education here to prices of states. Foundation stone of Lalpari irrigation scheme was put in 1895. Motor service between Rajkot ans Jasdan was started in 1920 and railway in 1922. Rajkot municipality had provided electricity in 1924 and telephone office, post office established in 1925. After independence, Rajkot was Capital of Saurashtra state and First Chief Minister was Hon'ble Uchhangrai Dhebar. Current Civil hospital building was the secretariats at that time.
Rajkot was founded by Thakur Saheb Vibhaji Ajoji Jadeja of the Jadeja clan and Sunni Muslim Raju Sandhi in 1612 AD, in the middle of Saurashtra. Vibhaji Ajoji was the grandson of Jam Sataji of Nawanagar, the present day Jamnagar. Rajkot was named in honour of its co-founder, Sunni Muslim Raju Sandhi.
Masum Khan, a deputy Faujdar of Junagadh's Nawab, conquered Rajkot in the year 1720 AD. and changed the name of Rajkot to Masumabad. In 1722 AD, fortress were built with about 4 to 5 kilometers perimeter and had walls that were 8 feet (2.4 m) wide. There were eight gates, each studded with iron spikes on its outer side, for access to Masumabad: Kotharia Naka, Nava Naka, Raiya Naka, Bedi Naka, Bhichari Naka, Sardhar Naka and Pal no Darwajo. Further, there was a gate without spikes called Khadaki Naka near Nakalank Temple. The ruins of the fort wall can be seen in the bastion in the Ramnath para area. Gates of Bedi Naka and Raiya Naka were modified during the colonial times. The chief Engineer of British Agency, Sir Robert Bell Booth, renovated Bedi gate and Raiya Naka gate and built the present three storied clock towers in 1892.
Flag of Rajkot Principality until 1948. Masumabad was later conquered by the Jadeja clan and its name restored to Rajkot. Bavajiraj Jadeja built Darbargadh, the first palace of this princely state. Bavajiraj was succeeded by his son, Sir Lakhajiraj Jadeja, the most prominent ruler amongst the Jadeja rulers to that time, who constructed Lalpari and Randarda lakes. Dharmendrasinhji Jadeja, succeeded his father, Sir Lakhajiraj, but died while hunting of Lion in Sasan Gir and was succeeded by his brother Pradyumansinhji Jadeja, Sir Lakhajiraj Jadeja's second son. Rajkot was merged into Republic of India during Pradumansinh Jadeja's reign.
Gandhi fasting at Rajkot The British East India Company founded the Saurashtra agency in Rajkot to moderate all princely states. The regional headquarters and residency of this agency was at Kothi Compound. The British constructed many impressive colonial buildings and educational institutions, such as Connaught Hall and The Rajkumar College. The emblem of the Rajkumar College, Rajkot Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, a.k.a. Mahatma Gandhi, spent the early years of his life in Rajkot when his father was a Diwan to the king of Rajkot. Gandhi fasted to ask to form a people's council and liberation of people of Rajkot at Rashtriya Shala in March 1939.
After independence Rajkot became capital of the State of Saurashtra, headed by U. N. Dhebar as Chief Minister. Rajkot was merged into the newly-created Gujarat State when it was separated from the bilingual Bombay State on May 1, 1960. Thakore Sahib Pradyumansinhji died in 1973. His son, Thakore Sahib Manoharsinhji Pradyumansinhji, who has carved out a political career at the provincial level, succeeded him. He served as a Member of the Gujarat Legislative Assembly for several years and as the state Minister for Health and Finance. The Heir Apparent, Yuvraj Sahib Mandattasinhji has embarked on a business career and environmentalism.