India Top 25 Monuments - Holiday Travel

India Top 25 Monuments

India Top 25 Monuments

India Top 25 Monuments

India Top 25 Monuments

 

1. Taj Mahal - Agra, Uttar Pradesh

Taj Mahal in India (Agra City) is the Unesco World Heritage site and one of the 7 wonders of the world. There is no other as beautiful Structure as Taj Mahal in the whole world. When some One just sees the Taj for the First Time, The natural Exclamation Comes - "AAH TAAJ"  . It is located in Agra City, The city nestled on the banks of river Yamuna has numerous monuments and heritage buildings offering a sneak peek into its interesting culture. The city has been ruled by various rulers in the past and remnants of its glorious past are spread over length and breadth of the city. Taj Mahal is not only India's Heritage, in fact Taj Mahal  is world heritage, World's best Monument, More over it is synonymous with incredible India, It has become national identity of India like Eiffel Tower for France, Great Wall for China, Burh Khalifa for Dubai, Big Ben for London UK.

 

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2. Sanchi Stupa - Sanchi, Madhya Pradesh

The Sanchi stupa, built in and around 283 BCE by Ashoka, the famous Indian emperor who converted to Buddhism, is better known for its scriptures. The entire stupa comprises symbolic representation of the gifts of nature as if explaining the Buddhist doctrine by reflecting the people's love for the nature.  Sanchi is a home to numerous stupas. Built on the top of a hill, these stupas contains relics, mostly of the Buddha's disciples. Sanchi Stupa is said to be one of the most organized structures with the best architectural designs that hail from the medieval period

 

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Sanchi Stupa

 

3. Amer Fort – Jaipur, Rajasthan

Amer Fort is located in Amer (Jaipur). Amer Fort is the best tourist attraction of Jaipur and the sprawling complex combines both immense fortifications with unexpected beauty and charm. The fort which visitors are able to explore today dates from the 16th century and is situated on a natural ridge 11km north of Jaipur.  Amer Fort is one of the tourist attractions of Rajasthan as well as one of the famous Historical Place of India. Every year Too many tourists came in Amer fort to see  awesome architecture of Amer fort and beauty of Jaipur. Actually before 16th century Amer was known as Dhundar and ruled by Kachhwahas. Before 16th century Amer was the capital of Rajasthan. In 16th century capital of Rajasthan is moved from Amer to Jaipur and Raja Man singh has built a fort which became famous as Amer Fort.

 

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Amer Fort

 

4. Qutb Minar – New Delhi

Qutb-Minar in red and buff standstone is the highest tower in India. n a city awash with ancient ruins, the Qutb Minar complex is something special. The first monuments here were erected by the sultans of Mehrauli, and subsequent rulers expanded on their work. One of the most important tourist centers in India Delhi is home to some of the finest monuments in the world. Mostly built during the Mughal reign in India the monuments in Delhi represent a rich and rich style of architecture. Qutub Minar was constructed in 1192 by Qutab-ud-din Aibak, by the founder of Slave Dynasty and later completed by his son-in-law and successor Iltutmish

 

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Qutb Minar

 

5. Jantar Mantar - Jaipur, Rajasthan

The Jantar Mantar is an equinoctial sundial, consisting a gigantic triangular gnomon with the hypotenuse parallel to the Earth's axis. On either side of the gnomon is a quadrant of a circle, parallel to the plane of the equator. There are plenty of observatories all over the world, but the Jantar Mantar is considered to be one of the largest observatories ever built. Combining religion, science and art, the Jantar Mantar, There are plenty of observatories all over the world, but the Jantar Mantar is considered to be one of the largest observatories ever built. Combining religion, science and art, the Jantar Mantar

 

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Jantar Mantar

 

6. Ellora caves – Maharashtra

Ellora caves are in Aurangabad district of Maharashtra. Ellora showcases the experiments that had carried out by Hindu, Buddhist and Jain monks some 600 to 300 years back. The former were tolerant of all religions and, under their liberal patronage, the technique of excavating rock-cut temples reached a high degree of perfection.              

 

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Ellora caves

 

7. Fatehpur Sikri - Delhi

The Fatehpur Sikri palace and the various other monuments within this imperial city complex were constructed under the guidance of Mughal emperor Akbar when he was merely 28 years of age. He had approached a Sufi saint, Salim Chishti to know about his probable heirs and he was told that his queen would bear him a second son who would succeed him to the throne. When in 1569 Prince Salim was born, Akbar decided to build a capital city near Sikri to commemorate the Sufi saint whose predictions turned out true.The construction of this palatial complex was elaborate and painstaking with evidence being there that Akbar foresaw the miniature models of the various monuments and probably approved them before the constructing started. he Sikri ridge probably already had some pre existing structures to which Akbar added new ones. The entire complex is designed as a plateau formation, with levels which recede downwards. The mosque was located at the highest level of the ridge – the famed Jama Masjid.  This also contains the tomb of the saint Salim Chishti in its courtyard. The Rang Mahal was a smaller palatial complex whereby the royal family stayed while the main unit was being built.

 

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 Fatehpur Sikri

 

8. Jaisalmer Fort – Jaisalmer, Rajasthan

Jaisalmer Fort is one of the largest fortifications in the world. It is situated in the city of Jaisalmer, in the Indian state of Rajasthan. Jaisalmer Fort is a monument worth visiting and worth retaining in your conscious mind. Like various other cities of Rajasthan, in Jaisalmer too you will find different facets of its own glorious heritage. Though you can find historical monuments scattered all over the city, the Jaisalmer Fort will immediately command your attention. Made of sand stones and locally known as Sonar Quila, the Jaisalmer Fort is a dominating structure amidst sands. Its simply a magic, the bastions envelops a whole townships that consist of palace complex various security sources and the havelis of rich merchants carved with an incredibly light touch, several temples and the residential complexes of the armies and traders placed strategically on the trade route, from where the ancient caravans passed en-route passing all the riches for the prosperity to an otherwise non source full kingdom.

 

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Jaisalmer Fort

 

9. Gwalior Fort - Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh

The Gwalior fort spreads out over an area of 3 square km, surrounded by concrete walls of sandstone. The Gwalior fort encloses three temples, six palaces and numerous water tanks. Gwalior Fort was built by Raja Man Singh Tomar in the 15th century. In the five hundred years since then, the Gwalior Fort has changed hands many times- it has been held by the Tomars, Mughals, Marathas and British, who finally handed it over to the Scindias.The beauty of its might fascinated many rulers and the fort became the subject of many poetic works. Babar, the famous Mughal ruler, once tabbed Gwalior Fort as 'the pearl amongst the fortresses in India.

 

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Gwalior Fort

 

10. Ajanta Caves - Aurangabad

Ajanta cave located around 99 km from the town of Aurangabad, lie the Ajanta Caves, now included in the list of UNESCO World heritage Sites.   Ajanta's wondrous cave temples are cut into the rocky sides of a dramatic crescent-shaped gorge, at the head of which is a waterfall that drops over the mountain rim in a series of seven steps to a pool far below - the Saptakund.

 

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Ajanta Caves

 

11. Golden Temple - Amritsar, Punjab

Golden Temple: It is one of the most sacred pilgrimage spots for Sikhs. The temple derives its name from its fully golden dome. The temple is built over marble and is two storied high structure. Guru Ram Das, the fourth Guru of Sikhs had initially built a pool here which currently houses the Temple. It is the epicenter of Sikhism. The Golden Temple Amritsar India (Sri Harimandir Sahib Amritsar) is not only a central religious place of the Sikhs, but also a symbol of human brotherhood and equality. Everybody, irrespective of cast, creed or race can seek spiritual solace and religious fulfilment without any hindrance. It also represents the distinct identity, glory and heritage of the Sikhs. To pen-down the philosophy, ideology, the inner and outer beauty, as well as the historical legacy of Sri Harimandir Sahib is a momentous task. It is a matter of experience rather than a of description.

 

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Golden Temple

 

12. Agra Fort - Agra - Uttar Pradesh

Agra fort is situated near the gardens of the world famous Taj Mahal and it is also called the Red Fort of Agra it had over five hundred buildings, as mentioned by Abul Fazal in his chronicles. Most of the buildings added later use marble as the chief construction material. At the time of Akbar, River Yamuna touched the fort and thus, a number of Ghats were built here. Akbar, the greatest empire-builder of the Mughals, commissioned the Agra Fort in 1565, and his grandson Shah Jahan, pulled down many of the original buildings and replaced them with marble ones, while Aurangzeb added the ramparts. The fort was for some time occupied by the British.

 

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Agra Fort

 

13. India Gate - Delhi

India Gate: The India Gate is a war memorial located astride the Rajpath  India gate is 42 meter tall gate that is regarded as All India War Memorial. The memorial bears the names of more than 13,516 British and Indian soldiers killed in the Northwestern Frontier in the Afghan war of 1919. The historic monument was constructed in 1931. Edwin Lateens had started designing the India Gate to pay homage to the Indian Soldiers who lost their lives in the World War I and the Afghan War. Children Park, lush greenery and the boating clubs are some of the things that are considered as an ideal place for the evening out. Today it attracts thousands of tourists from all over the world. The India Gate has also witnessed anti-graft march, candle march and several public demonstrations.

 

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India Gate

 

14. Gateway of India - Mumbai, Maharashtra

Mumbai's most recognized monument, the Gateway of India, was constructed to commemorate the visit of King George V and Queen Mary to the city. It was completed in 1920 and remains as a striking symbol of the British Raj era. After this era ended in 1947, the last of the British troops departed through the Gateway of India. The looming Gateway is designed to be the first thing that visitors see when approaching Mumbai by boat. It's also a popular place to start exploring Mumbai. These days the atmosphere around the monument resembles a circus at times, with numerous vendors peddling everything from balloons to Indian tea.

 

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Gateway of India

 

15. Charminar - Hyderabad

The Charminar, constructed in 1591 CE, is a monument and mosque located in Hyderabad, The Charminar is situated on the east bank of Musi river The Charminar gets its name from the four minarets (towers) standing in the four corners of the structure. These graceful and intricate minarets The Charminar is square structured and its minarets have four levels. All these storeys look like rings, which have been ornately shaped around the minaret

 

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Charminar

 

16. Humayun Tomb – New Delhi

Humayun's tomb is the tomb of great Mughal Emperor Humayun. It is situated at Delhi. Agra Fort is the former imperial residence of the Mughal Dynasty located in Agra. Agra Red Fort was designed and built by the great Mughal ruler, Akbar, in about 1565 A.D. It was initially built as a military establishment but later on his successors made many additions to the main structure. Several Mahals , which were built afterwards, converted half of the structure into a magnificent palace.  The fort contained more buildings in it but just a few of those remain till date. The most eminent of these remaining buildings is the Jahangiri Mahal. The tomb proper stands in the centre of a square garden, divided into four main parterres by causeways (charbagh), in the centre of which ran shallow water-channels.

 

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Humayun Tomb

 

17. Khajuraho - Khajuraho

The Khajuraho Group of Monuments is a group of Hindu and Jain temples in Madhya Pradesh. Khajuraho at times referred to as the Kamasutra temple is world renowned for its sculptured temples dedicated to Shiva, Vishnu, and Jain deities, and the sexually explicit carvings both inside and outside the temple. he sacred temples of Khajuraho are UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Because of the sculptures, the temples are also referred as Kamasutra temples. However, unlike popular belief, the temples neither have any connection nor were inspired by Vatsyayana’s famous book. In fact just 10 per cent of the art is erotic or sexual in nature.

 

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 Khajuraho - Khajuraho

 

18. Meenakshi Temple, Madurai, Tamil nadu

Meenakshi Amman Temple is a historic Hindu temple located on the southern bank of the Vaigai River.  the Madurai Meenakshi Amman Temple is its crowning glory. The temple structure with its concentric squares and high walled enclosures is a lesson for students of architecture. The temple is square shaped and a series of concentric streets with names from Tamil months surround the structure. Meenakshi Amman Temple has been nominated for the new Seven Wonders of the World. Hundreds and thousands of devotees come every year to pay their obeisance of the Lord. Meenakshi Temple is regarded as one of the most sacred places of Parvati, other being Kamakshi at Kanchipuram, Akilandeswari at Thiruvanaikaval and Vishalakshi at Varanasi.

 

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Meenakshi Temple

 

 

19. Hampi - Hampi, Karnataka

Hampi is a village in northern Karnataka state, India. It is located within the ruins of Vijayanagara, the former capital of the Vijayanagara Empire. Predating the city of Vijayanagara, it continues to be an important religious centre, housing the Virupaksha Temple, as well as several other monuments belonging to the old city. Hampi has distinction of being a UNESCO World Heritage Site for old Vijayanagara city, the former capital of the Vijayanagara Empire.Hampi is situated on the banks of the Tungabhadra River at 353 km from Bangalore and 74 km away from Bellary. Hosapete (Hospet), 13 km away, is the nearest railway head. Hampi is famous for the annual Vijayanagar Festival is organized by the Government of Karnataka in November in every year.

 

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Hampi

 

20. Hawa Mahal - Jaipur, Rajasthan

Hawa Mahal built in 1799, by Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh, is the most recognizable monument of Jaipur. The 5 storied stunning semi-octagonal monument having 152 windows with over hanging latticed balconies is a fine piece of Rajput architecture. Originally designed for the royal ladies to watch and enjoy the processions and other activities, on the street below. Now it houses a well laid out museum. The display “Jaipur past and present” is the special feature of this newly setup museum.

 

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Hawa Mahal

 

21. City Palace - Udaipur, Rajasthan

The splendid City Palace, posing over the fascinating Lake Pichola, is one of the most beautiful palatial structures. The elegant palace originally built by Mahrana Uday Singh II rises 30 meters above Lake Pichola and extends up to 244 meters. The City Palace of Udaipur1 has number of small and big palaces, museums and the gardens. There are many popular palaces inside the City Palace Complex. The unique aspect of this conglomeration is that the architectural design (a rich blend of Rajasthani, Mughal, Medieval, European and Chinese Architecture) is distinctly homogeneous and eye catching.

 

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City Palace

 

22. Mysore Palace, Mysore, Karnataka

Mysore Palace: is a palace situated in the city. It was the official residence of the former royal family of Mysore, and also housed the durbar (royal offices).The term "Palace of Mysore" specifically refers to one of these palaces, Amba Vilas. he Mysore Palace is a three storied structure constructed in the Indo Saracenic style. The golden howdah (elephant seat) along with intricately carved doors and fabulous paintings are among few other treasures of the Mysore Palace The jewel encrusted golden throne is on display during special occasions like the festival of Dasara. On Sundays, public holidays and during Dasara Celebrations, the palace is illuminated with more than 90,000 electric bulbs

 

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Mysore Palace

 

23. Jama Masjid - Delhi

The Masjid-i Jahān-Numā commonly known as the Jama Masjid It was built by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan between 1644 and 1656 at a cost of 1 million rupees, and was inaugurated by an imam from Bukhara, present-day Uzbekistan. the Jama Masjid towers over Old Delhi and is India’s largest mosque. Commissioned by Shah Jahan in 1650 the mosque took six years to be constructed and was completed in 1656. The massive courtyard of the Jama Masjid can hold up to twenty five thousand worshippers and houses many interesting relics, including an ancient copy of the Quran inscribed on deer skin.  the Jama Masjid is covered on three sides with open arched colonnades with a tower like gateway in the center. Also called Masjid-I-Jahanuma or the 'mosque commanding view of the world', the Jama Masjid is a constructional wonder with alternating strips of red sandstone and marble

 

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Jama Masjid - Delhi

 

24. Rashtrapati Bhawan -New Delhi

The Rashtrapati bhavan s the official home of the President of India, located at the Western end of Rajpath in New Delhi, India. Rashtrapati Bhavan is one of the largest residential houses of any Head of the State in the world in terms of its area, immensity and grandeur. This massive mansion was designed by a British architect named Sir Edwin Lutyens. However, the Chief Engineer, Hugh Keeling and many Indian contractors were also part of its designing and construction. The splendour of the Rashtrapati Bhavan is multi-dimensional. It is a vast mansion and its archit picture is breathtaking. More than these, it has a hallowed existence in the annals of democracy for being the residence of the President of the largest democracy in the world.

 

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Rashtrapati Bhawan

 

25. Sun temple, Konark

Konark Sun Temple is a 13th-century CE Sun Temple. It is believed that the temple was built by king Narasimhadeva I of Eastern Ganga Dynasty.  It is an ample testament to the artistic glory of the time. Conceived in the form of a huge chariot drawn by seven spirited horses on 12 pairs of exquisitely decorated wheels--after the mythical seven horse chariot of Sun God--the temple was unique in its architecture and implementation.

 

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Sun temple

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