India Top 25 Forts - Holiday Travel

India Top 25 Forts

India Top 25 Forts

India Top 25 Forts

India Top 25 Forts

 

1. Red Fort, Delhi

The Red Fort was the residence of the Mughal emperor for nearly 200 years, until 1857. It is located in the centre of Delhi and houses a number of museums.  It is enclosed by a rubble stone wall, with bastions, gates and wickets at intervals. Of its fourteen gates, the important ones are the Mori, Lahori, Ajmeri, Turkman, Kashmiri and Delhi gates, some of which have already been demolished. The Red Fort is the standing testimony to the magnificent power and pomp of the Mughal emperors. The construction of Red Fort was begun in 1639 and completed in 1648. The fort is peaceful retreat from the noise and chaos outside it.

 

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 Red Fort

 

2. Amer Fort, Jaipur, Rajasthan

Amer Fort is located in Amer (Jaipur). Amer Fort is the best tourist attraction of Jaipur and the sprawling complex combines both immense fortifications with unexpected beauty and charm. The fort which visitors are able to explore today dates from the 16th century and is situated on a natural ridge 11km north of Jaipur.  Amer Fort is one of the tourist attractions of Rajasthan as well as one of the famous Historical Place of India. Every year Too many tourists came in Amer fort to see awesome architecture of Amer fort and beauty of Jaipur. Actually before 16th century Amer was known as Dhundar and ruled by Kachhwahas. Before 16th century Amer was the capital of Rajasthan. In 16th century capital of Rajasthan is moved from Amer to Jaipur and Raja Man singh has built a fort which became famous as Amer Fort.

 

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Amer Fort, Jaipur, Rajasthan

 

3. Agra Fort, Agra, Uttar Pradesh

Agra fort is situated near the gardens of the world famous Taj Mahal and it is also called the Red Fort of Agra it had over five hundred buildings, as mentioned by Abul Fazal in his chronicles. Most of the buildings added later use marble as the chief construction material. At the time of Akbar, River Yamuna touched the fort and thus, a number of Ghats were built here. Akbar, the greatest empire-builder of the Mughals, commissioned the Agra Fort in 1565, and his grandson Shah Jahan, pulled down many of the original buildings and replaced them with marble ones, while Aurangzeb added the ramparts. The fort was for some time occupied by the British.

 

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Agra Fort, Agra, Uttar Pradesh

 

4. Jaisalmer Fort, Jaisalmer, Rajasthan

Jaisalmer Fort is one of the largest fortifications in the world. It is situated in the city of Jaisalmer, in the Indian state of Rajasthan. Jaisalmer Fort is a monument worth visiting and worth retaining in your conscious mind. Like various other cities of Rajasthan, in Jaisalmer too you will find different facets of its own glorious heritage. Though you can find historical monuments scattered all over the city, the Jaisalmer Fort will immediately command your attention. Made of sand stones and locally known as Sonar Quila, the Jaisalmer Fort is a dominating structure amidst sands. Its simply a magic, the bastions envelops a whole townships that consist of palace complex various security sources and the havelis of rich merchants carved with an incredibly light touch, several temples and the residential complexes of the armies and traders placed strategically on the trade route, from where the ancient caravans passed en-route passing all the riches for the prosperity to an otherwise non source full kingdom.

 

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Jaisalmer Fort, Jaisalmer, Rajasthan

 

5. Golconda Fort, Hyderabad

Golconda Fort was the capital of the ancient kingdom of Golconda which flourished in the 14th to 16th century. It is situated 11 kilometers from Hyderabad, the capital of the state of Telangana. Golconda Fort was capital of Golconda Sultanate and it is a ruined fort of southern India. Pratapa Rudra of Kakatiya dynasty in 16th century, Golconda fort has a very beautiful architecture and it is one of the famous historical places of India. It derives too many visitors from different regions of the world and India. Tourists love to visit this place. Golconda fort timings are from 9 am to 5.30 pm. After that, visitors are not allowed to enter the fort, unless they are going for the light and show in night

 

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Golconda Fort, Hyderabad

 

6. Junagarh Fort, Bikaner, Rajasthan

Junagarh Fort is a fort in the city of Bikaner, Rajasthan, India. unagarh fort was initially called as ‘Chintamani’. However, in the first half of 20th century, the fort was renamed as Junagarh or “Old Fort” when the ruling folks moved to Lalgarh Palace that is placed outside the fort boundaries. Junagarh fort is one of the few most important forts in Rajasthan which is not constructed on the top of a hill.  This fort was built under the supervision of Raja Rai Singh of Bikaner during 1589-1594. The entrance fee to the fort is Rs. 50 per person and Rs. 30 for its museum. A guide is also provided and tourists are sent inside in a group of 8 to 15 people.

 

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Junagarh Fort, Bikaner, Rajasthan

 

7. Gwalior Fort, Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh

The Gwalior fort spreads out over an area of 3 square km, surrounded by concrete walls of sandstone. The Gwalior fort encloses three temples, six palaces and numerous water tanks. Gwalior Fort was built by Raja Man Singh Tomar in the 15th century. In the five hundred years since then, the Gwalior Fort has changed hands many times- it has been held by the Tomars, Mughals, Marathas and British, who finally handed it over to the Scindias.The beauty of its might fascinated many rulers and the fort became the subject of many poetic works. Babar, the famous Mughal ruler, once tabbed Gwalior Fort as 'the pearl amongst the fortresses in India.

 

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Gwalior Fort, Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh

 

8. Jhansi Fort, Uttar Pradesh

Jhansi Fort or Jhansi ka Kila is a fortress situated on a large hilltop called Bangira, in Uttar Pradesh. Jhansi Fort is not only one of the best-fortified areas in Uttar Pradesh but also one of the best fortified in India. Raja Bir Singh Deo of Orchha commissioned this fort in the early 17th century. The fort was earlier built on the top of the hillock in order to act as an army stronghold and garrison but was later modified in to residential quarters.  The fort is an architectural delight because of its huge size and beauty. The fort had once been the residence of Rani Laxmi Bai of Jhansi, who fought against the British army for freedom and attained martyrdom. The fort remained with Bundellas for twenty-five years only and thereafter was taken over by the Mughals for next 100 years. In 1729-30, it come in possession of Maratha rulers. Naru Shankar, a Maratha Chief, made alterations and additions to this fort which also came to be known as Shankargarh, largely owing to construction of a Siva temple here. The fort can be divided in three parts keeping in view the different stages of its constructions:- Baradari, Shankergarh and Panch Mahal. Besides, the fort contains many ancient structures of great importance.

 

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Jhansi Fort, Uttar Pradesh

 

9. Chittorgarh Fort, Chittorgarh

The Chittor Fort or Chittorgarh is one of the largest forts in India. It is a World Heritage Site. The fort was the capital of Mewar and is today situated in the Chittorgarh town. Chittorgarh Fort has received the credit of being the largest fort of India. The massive fort is located on a high hill near the Gambheri River in Chittorgarh. Chittorgarh Fort lies at a distance of 112 kms from the city of Udaipur in Rajasthan. This fort was built by various Maurya rulers in the 7th century.  The fort is established in a hillock of 300 feet high, spreading over a wide area of 700 acres of terrains. The fort is also known as ‘Water fort’ and comprises 22 water bodies, palaces, towers and temples,  It was considered one of the strongest forts of India. The main attractions of the fort are the two commemoration towers, Kirti Stambh and Vijay Stambh. The former was built to honour first Jain Tirthankar and the latter was built to commemorate the victory over Mohammed Khilji, The entry fees for Chittorgarh fort Domestic Adult: 10, Domestic Child: 5, Foreigner: 100, Foreigner Student: 100

 

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Chittorgarh Fort, Chittorgarh

 

10. Kangra Fort, Kangra, Himachal Pradesh

One of the most prominent attractions of Kangra district, Kangra Fort is located at the outskirts of Kangra town and around 22 km from Dharamshala. The fort is spread over an area of around 4 km and is guarded by high walls and ramparts.  The Kangra Fort is located 20 kilometers from the town of Dharamsala on the outskirts of the town of Kangra, India. The fort was built by the founder of Katoch Dynasty, Bhuma Chand and is also known by other names, Nagarkot and Kot Kangra. The fort is steeped in rich history. The mammoth size and structure of the fort, all the more make the fort awe inspiring. The climb inside the fort will lead one through seven huge doors. Along the way, one will encounter a few numbers of idols imprinted on the walls of the fort. The ramparts face the valley below. One can at once see the history of this fort come alive.

 

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Kangra Fort, Kangra, Himachal Pradesh

 

11. Mehrangarh Fort, Jodhpur, Rajasthan

Mehrangarh Fort located in Jodhpur, Rajasthan, is one of the largest forts in India. The fort has 68-ft wide and 117-ft elevated walls which overlook the surrounding plain. The fort has seven gates and the most famous among them is the Jayapol (meaning victory). This gate was constructed by Maharaja Man Singh to celebrate his triumph over the armies of Jaipur and Bikaner.  Mehrangarh Fort was the seat of the Rathore rulers from the House of Marwar, The fort is also the venue for the Rajasthan International Folk Festival and World Sufi Spirit Festival.

 

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Mehrangarh Fort, Jodhpur, Rajasthan

 

12. Panhala Fort, Kolhapur, Maharashtra

Panhala fort is located in Panhala, 20 kilometres northwest of Kolhapur in Maharashtra, India. This fort is located 18 km northwest of Kolhapur. It has connection with God Parashurama as well. Panhala fort, which carries a rich heritage, is the largest of all the Deccan forts. This is the only fort where the great ruler, Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj is believed to have spent more than 500 days. The fort covers a vast area having huge boundary walls of over 7 km in length and a steep slope beneath. Three magnificent double-walled gates protect the entrance of the fort. There is a large amberkhana (granary) inside the fort, which has the capacity of containing 25,000 khandis of grains.

 

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Panhala Fort, Kolhapur, Maharashtra

 

13. Srirangapatnam Fort, Srirangapatnam, Karnataka

Srirangapatna Fort is a historical fort located in Srirangapatna, the historical capital city in the South Indian state of Karnataka. One of the prime attractions in Mysore, Karnataka is the famous Srirangapatnam fort. Built in the year 1537 by a feudal lord, this magnificent fort is considered to be the second toughest fort of India. The Srirangapatna Fort has four main entrances known by the names of Delhi, Bangalore, Mysore and Water and Elephant gates. This fort has ‘Lal Mahal’ which was the then residence of the famous king of Mysore, Tipu Sultan. The Fort is also known as the second most formidable fort of India, It was the residence of the great ruler Tipu Sultan, who takes the credit of keeping the British rulers away from the South India. This is the fort where Tipu Sultan took his last breath. He was killed here while fighting with the combined force of Nizam of Hyderabad and the British rulers.  Designed in the perfect marvel of Indo-Islamic style, it consists of four entrances: Delhi, Bangalore, Mysore and Water and Elephant gates. One can see bore carvings of 24 forms of Vishnu at the inner entrance of this shrine.

 

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Srirangapatnam Fort

 

14. Victoria Memorial, Kolkata, West Bengal

Victoria Memorial, Kolkata, West Bengal which was built between 1906 and 1921, It is dedicated to the memory of Queen Victoria (1819–1901) and is now a museum and tourist destination under the auspices of the Ministry of Culture.  Apart from being a memorial, the hall serves as a tribute to the success of the British Empire in India. Designed by William Emerson, the hall features Indo-Saracenic revivalist style. The style is an amalgam of British and Mughal elements. he construction of the memorial was done using the funds provided by the government and the entire construction required more than 10 million. 

 

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Victoria Memorial, Kolkata, West Bengal

 

15. Hawa Mahal, Jaipur, Rajasthan

Hawa Mahal built in 1799, by Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh, is the most recognizable monument of Jaipur. The 5 storied stunning semi-octagonal monument having 152 windows with over hanging latticed balconies is a fine piece of Rajput architecture. Originally designed for the royal ladies to watch and enjoy the processions and other activities, on the street below. Now it houses a well laid out museum. The display “Jaipur past and present” is the special feature of this newly setup museum.

 

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Hawa Mahal, Jaipur, Rajasthan

 

16. Warangal Fort, Warangal , Andhra Pradesh

Warangal Fort, in Warangal in the Indian state of Telangana, Warangal Fort is one of the ancient forts in South India and is also one of the popular tourist attractions in Warangal. It was built in the 13th century and is around 2 kms from the main city center. Hundreds of tourists come to the Warangal Fort to get a feel of the grand architecture of South India. The fort was built during the Kakatiya dynasty. Warangal Fort is one of the ancient forts in South India and is also one of the popular tourist attractions in Warangal. It was built in the 13th century and is around 2 kms from the main city center. Hundreds of tourists come to the Warangal Fort to get a feel of the grand architecture of South India. The fort was built during the Kakatiya dynasty.

 

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Warangal Fort, Warangal , Andhra Pradesh

 

17. Kumbhalgarh Fort – Udaipur,  Rajasathan

Kumbhalgarh Fort is a Mewar fortress on the westerly range of Aravalli Hills, in the Rajsamand district near Udaipur of Rajasthan state in western India.  It is at a distance of about 80 km northwest of Udaipur amidst the Aravalli hills. Due to its strategic location, it is considered as the second most important fort of Rajasthan. Kumbhalgarh is the second most important citadel after Chittorgarh in the Mewar region. Cradled in the Aravali Ranges the fort was built in the 15th century AD by Rana Kumbha.  There is a magnificent array of temples built by the Mauryas of which the most picturesque place is the Badal Mahal or the palace of the clouds.

 

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Kumbhalgarh Fort – Udaipur,  Rajasathan

 

18. Daulatabad Fort, Aurangabad

Daulatabad Fort magnificent 12th century fortress stands on a hill, Built by Raja Bhillamraj once known as 'Devgiri'. The defense system that made Daulatabad virtually impregnable comprises fortifications with double and even triple rows of massive walls. In addition, there are ingeniously built mazes with a complex arrangement of entryways and deep rock-cut moats and trenches which can be crossed only at one point. The ‘Daulatabad’ (city of fortune) name was give by Muhamad Tughlaq, Sultan of Delhi.

 

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Daulatabad Fort, Aurangabad

 

19. Sindhudurg Fort, Sindhudurg, Maharashtra

Sindhudurg Fort is a fort that occupies an islet in the Arabian Sea, just off the coast of Maharashtra in Western India.  Sindhudurg Fort is a famous fort situated near Malvan Jetty in Sindhudurg district of Maharashtra, India. This fort was built by the Maratha King, Shivaji, himself under his supervision and guidance. This fort is situated on an islet, Kurte Island and is almost half a km away from the Sindhudurg District’s Malvan Jetty town in the Konkan area of Maharashtra near south of Mumbai and is surrounded by the great Arabian Sea. Sindhudurg Fort is almost at a distance of 130 km from Goa. The Sindhudurg Fort took three years to get completed and almost 100 architects from Portugal were involved in the construction. They were invited from Goa and a strong man power of 3000 joined these to deploy the construction of the fort.

 

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Sindhudurg Fort, Sindhudurg, Maharashtra

 

20. Fatehpur Sikri, Agra,  Uttar Pradesh

The Fatehpur Sikri palace and the various other monuments within this imperial city complex were constructed under the guidance of Mughal emperor Akbar when he was merely 28 years of age. He had approached a Sufi saint, Salim Chishti to know about his probable heirs and he was told that his queen would bear him a second son who would succeed him to the throne. When in 1569 Prince Salim was born, Akbar decided to build a capital city near Sikri to commemorate the Sufi saint whose predictions turned out true.The construction of this palatial complex was elaborate and painstaking with evidence being there that Akbar foresaw the miniature models of the various monuments and probably approved them before the constructing started. he Sikri ridge probably already had some pre existing structures to which Akbar added new ones. The entire complex is designed as a plateau formation, with levels which recede downwards. The mosque was located at the highest level of the ridge – the famed Jama Masjid.  This also contains the tomb of the saint Salim Chishti in its courtyard. The Rang Mahal was a smaller palatial complex whereby the royal family stayed while the main unit was being built.

 

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Fatehpur Sikri, Agra,  Uttar Pradesh

 

21. Jaigarh Fort, Jaipur

Jaigarh Fort is situated on the promontory called the Cheel ka Teela (Hill of Eagles) of the Aravalli range; it overlooks the Amber Fort and the Maota Lake, near Amber in Jaipur, Rajasthan, India. It is Also known as the Fort of Victory, the colossal Jaigarh Fort is the best of the three forts overlooking the city of Jaipur.Jaigarh Fort in Jaipur is built by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh in the year 1726, to bolster the defence of the area. Mostly known as the Fort of Victory this particular fort is constructed to store the weapons and other military utilities. During the rule of Rajputs and Mughals the desert state was a major center of artillery production. Right now every traveler can see the used weapons and other war utilities that are preserved and displayed in the fort museum.

 

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Jaigarh Fort, Jaipur

 

22. City Palace, Jaipur

The City Palace Jaipur is one of the most famous tourist place and a major landmark in Jaipur, Rajasthan. City Palace in Jaipur is a collection of royal articles belonging to the raja-maharajas of the past era. The City Palace complex, which is located northeast of the centre of the grid patterned Jaipur city, incorporates an impressive and vast array of courtyards, gardens, and buildings. The City Palace, Jaipur was built between 1729 and 1732, initially by Sawai Jai Singh II, the ruler of Amber.It is a major draw of the city attracting tourists from far and wide. It is a perfect amalgamation of the traditional Rajasthan and Mughal styles of architecture.

City Palace Timings : 9.30 AM to 5PM Everday

 

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City Palace, Jaipur

 

23. Holkar Fort - Maheshwar

Holkar Fort Located on the banks of the holy river Narmada, the fort was built in the 18th century and was the residence of Rani Ahilyabai Holkar. Also known as Queen’s fort; the fort was the administrative headquarters of the Holkars. One can see the life-size statue of Rani Ahilyabai Holkar sitting on the throne. Chhatris, temples, a wada make the fort an interesting place to visit. Today, the fort is a heritage hotel, it is managed by Shivaji Rao Holkar, son of the founder of the hotel and last Maharaja of Indore, Prince Richard Holkar

 

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Holkar Fort - Maheshwar

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